The twenty-first discussion explores the increasing diversity of suburbs and increasing levels of suburban poverty and debates the challenges of supporting poor households’ economic self-sufficiency beyond the central city.
Though racial segregation persists, most researchers agree that it has declined over the long term due to a number of factors. While suburbanization seems to have contributed at least in part to this decrease in segregation, suburban areas have also experienced higher levels of poverty. Evidence shows that urban challenges for people of color, including economic disadvantage, may be re-concentrating in suburbia.
Decreasing racial segregation and decreasing poverty are important goals; we must not water down our solutions to either by fusing the two. Rather than focus on the decrease of racial segregation that may have occurred due to the suburbanization of poor people, policymakers should instead focus on the increasing economic segregation and poverty of suburban areas. To address this, we must understand how the reification of political boundaries encourages exclusionary zoning that creates barriers to low and moderate income housing.
Regardless of the impact suburbanization has had on racial segregation, we must address the new reliance on a suburban safety net. Unfortunately, this topic is fraught: suburban communities struggle to provide assistance to the poor due to local governments’ prioritization of economic development and residential exclusion over antipoverty assistance.
In St. Louis, black residents experience suburbanization not as an end to segregation, but rather as a new battleground for racial injustice and exclusion. Suburbs’ governmental and legal systems have been designed as fragmented to exclude and limit black residents. With the black population increasing in historically white areas, discriminatory policing and unlawful jailing practices have worked in concert with these systems to perpetuate patterns of segregation. If consolidation of the municipal court system does not occur, black poverty will continue to increase and racial divides will deepen.
The twentieth discussion examines the benefits of defining fair market rent by zip code, to make it easier for families to move to higher-opportunity neighborhoods, and weighs potential unintended costs.
The nineteenth discussion debates what we should do about high-poverty, distressed public housing developments in light of recent research from the Moving to Opportunity Program about the costs of concentrated poverty.
The eighteenth discussion debates the extent to which segregation exacerbated the unequal effects of the mortgage-driven financial collapse of 2007 and ways to address racial disparities in mortgage lending.
The seventeenth discussion debates the extent to which preferences in neighborhood residents in accessing new affordable housing promote or betray the goal of truly inclusionary communities.
The sixteenth discussion reacts to HUD’s renewed commitment to the new requirement of the Fair Housing Act to “affirmatively further fair housing.”
The fifteenth discussion explores the most effective ways to address concentrated poverty, focusing on policies that target both people and place.
The fourteenth discussion examines the policy issues underlying Texas vs. The Inclusive Communities Project: how government officials should balance the use of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) allocations to create affordable homes in low-poverty neighborhoods with the use of LIHTC allocations to catalyze economic development in high-poverty neighborhoods.
The thirteenth discussion debates the significant of disparate impact liability under the Fair Housing Act, in light of the Supreme Court's deliberation in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project.
The twelfth discussion weighs the controversy about "poor doors" in the context of a debate over the costs and benefits of mixed-income housing in high-cost markets.
The eleventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how metropolitan development patterns shaped by race and class set the stage for the events in Ferguson, MO.
The tenth discussion in the Dream Revisited debates the appropriate balance between investments to help low-income households move to neighborhoods that offer greater access to opportunity and investments to improve the quality of life in low-income neighborhoods.
The ninth discussion in The Dream Revisited analyzes segregation by income and debates the significance of the increasing isolation of the affluent.
The eighth discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how the federal Housing Choice Voucher program can most effectively improve social, educational, and economic opportunities for voucher recipients.
The seventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores what can be learned by looking at racial and economic segregation through a comparative lens.
The sixth discussion explores how implicit bias contributes to residential segregation and whether or not awareness of implicit biases can heighten a sense of moral urgency.
The fifth discussion explores proposals to re-imagine affirmative action by focusing on neighborhood disadvantage instead of race.
The fourth discussion explores the relationship between gentrification, neighborhood integration, and public participation.
The third discussion in The Dream Revisited asks why we haven't made more progress in reducing segregation.
The second discussion on The Dream Revisited explores economic segregation in our schools and argues for its continued relevance today.
The frst discussion in The Dream Revisited asks what we mean by "integration" and why it may be a necessary strategy to acheive racial and economic equality.