The Dream Revisited
Discussion 22: The Stubborn Persistence of Racial Segregation

Discussion 22: The Stubborn Persistence of Racial Segregation

December 2016

The twenty-second discussion explores the role of residential choices in sustaining segregation within American cities.

Essay

  • Residential Mobility by Whites Maintains Segregation Despite Recent Changes

    by Jackelyn Hwang

    Despite meaningful gains in wealth accrual, educational attainment, poverty reduction, and societal attitudes towards integration, Blacks largely continue to live in different neighborhoods than Whites. To address this, we need to consider that in spite of the relative improvements, Whites still exhibit residential mobility patterns that maintain racial segregation when choosing which neighborhoods to enter and exit. 

Discussants

  • Start with the Micro, Move to the Macro

    by Richard Sander

    Rather than working at the national or metropolitan scale, policy makers should instead focus on how integration takes place within local contexts. Understanding why a given neighborhood is able, or unable, to integrate will allow for the creation of new models better suited to targeting a next generation of desegregation policies.

  • Sticky Preferences: Racial Exclusion’s Staying Power

    by Solomon J. Greene

    The impact of White residential mobility on segregation is equally relevant with regards to those who choose to stay in their neighborhoods. That choice is reinforced by exclusionary policies to limit low-income people of color moving into high-opportunity neighborhoods, and the long term drag on mobility owing to the effects of wealth accumulation for residents in areas of racially concentrated poverty. This persistent segregation will not be solved solely through evolving preferences and frequency of moves, intentional strategies must be designed and implemented to begin breaking down these barriers. 

  • Persistent Acts of Housing Discrimination Perpetuate Segregation

    by Jorge Andres Soto

    Since the passage of the Fair Housing Act in 1968 the actions to discriminate against minority populations have become less explicit, but no less effective. This all but ensures that those discriminated against face a difficult housing search that generally results in substandard units located in chronically poor communities. HUD, the institution responsible for both implementation and enforcement of the Fair Housing Act, has struggled to operate within this inherent conflict of interest. 

Discussion 21: Suburban Poverty & Segregation

September 2016

The twenty-first discussion explores the increasing diversity of suburbs and increasing levels of suburban poverty and debates the challenges of supporting poor households’ economic self-sufficiency beyond the central city.

Discussion 20: Making Vouchers More Mobile

July 2016

The twentieth discussion examines the benefits of defining fair market rent by zip code, to make it easier for families to move to higher-opportunity neighborhoods, and weighs potential unintended costs.

Discussion 19: Public Housing and Deconcentrating Poverty

May 2016

The nineteenth discussion debates what we should do about high-poverty, distressed public housing developments in light of recent research from the Moving to Opportunity Program about the costs of concentrated poverty.

Discussion 18: Segregation & the Financial Crisis

February 2016

The eighteenth discussion debates the extent to which segregation exacerbated the unequal effects of the mortgage-driven financial collapse of 2007 and ways to address racial disparities in mortgage lending.

Discussion 17: Community Preferences and Fair Housing

November 2015

The seventeenth discussion debates the extent to which preferences in neighborhood residents in accessing new affordable housing promote or betray the goal of truly inclusionary communities. 

Discussion 16: A New Approach to Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

November 2015

The sixteenth discussion reacts to HUD’s renewed commitment to the new requirement of the Fair Housing Act to “affirmatively further fair housing.”

Discussion 15: Moving Up or Moving Out

July 2015

The fifteenth discussion explores the most effective ways to address concentrated poverty, focusing on policies that target both people and place.

Discussion 14: Housing Subsidies & Inclusive Communities

June 2015

The fourteenth discussion examines the policy issues underlying Texas vs. The Inclusive Communities Project: how government officials should balance the use of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) allocations to create affordable homes in low-poverty neighborhoods with the use of LIHTC allocations to catalyze economic development in high-poverty neighborhoods.

Discussion 13: The Future of the Fair Housing Act

April 2015

The thirteenth discussion debates the significant of disparate impact liability under the Fair Housing Act, in light of the Supreme Court's deliberation in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project.

Discussion 12: The Poor Door Debate

March 2015

The twelfth discussion weighs the controversy about "poor doors" in the context of a debate over the costs and benefits of mixed-income housing in high-cost markets.

Discussion 11: Explaining Ferguson Through Place and Race

January 2015

The eleventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how metropolitan development patterns shaped by race and class set the stage for the events in Ferguson, MO.

Discussion 10: Balancing Investments in People & Place

November 2014

The tenth discussion in the Dream Revisited debates the appropriate balance between investments to help low-income households move to neighborhoods that offer greater access to opportunity and investments to improve the quality of life in low-income neighborhoods.

Discussion 9: Residential Income Segregation

November 2014

The ninth discussion in The Dream Revisited analyzes segregation by income and debates the significance of the increasing isolation of the affluent.

Discussion 8: Neighborhoods, Opportunities, and the Housing Choice Voucher Program

October 2014

The eighth discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how the federal Housing Choice Voucher program can most effectively improve social, educational, and economic opportunities for voucher recipients. 

Discussion 7: Comparative Perspectives on Segregation

September 2014

The seventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores what can be learned by looking at racial and economic segregation through a comparative lens. 

Discussion 6: Implicit Bias and Segregation

August 2014

The sixth discussion explores how implicit bias contributes to residential segregation and whether or not awareness of implicit biases can heighten a sense of moral urgency.

Discussion 5: Place-Based Affirmative Action

July 2014

The fifth discussion explores proposals to re-imagine affirmative action by focusing on neighborhood disadvantage instead of race.

Discussion 4: Neighborhood Gentrification

May 2014

The fourth discussion explores the relationship between gentrification, neighborhood integration, and public participation.

Discussion 2: Economic Segregation in Schools

March 2014

The second discussion on The Dream Revisited explores economic segregation in our schools and argues for its continued relevance today. 

Discussion 1: Why Integration?

January 2014

The frst discussion in The Dream Revisited asks what we mean by "integration" and why it may be a necessary strategy to acheive racial and economic equality.