NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

Bushwick BK04

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 121,188 people in Bushwick, with 4.2% of the population identified as Asian, 16.4% identified as black, 53.1% identified as Hispanic, and 22.4% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $54,240, about 16% less than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Bushwick was 24.0% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in Bushwick was 24.0% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Bushwick increased from $1,040 in 2006 to $1,620 in 2018. In 2018, 31.8% of renter households in Bushwick were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 40.9% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 24 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 10.8% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Bushwick was 3.8%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in Bushwick increased from $1,040 in 2006 to $1,620 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

10.8% of the rental units in Bushwick are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Bushwick was 13.5%, lower than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has decreased by 2.4 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 20.0 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 15.8 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 119 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Bushwick in 2018. There were 15.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 15.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Bushwick in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development

In 2019, there were 452 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 4.8% of total new units in Brooklyn, and 1.7% of the citywide total, in Bushwick. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 1,208 residential units in new buildings in Bushwick last year, 294 less than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `1,208 residential units in new buildings in Bushwick last year, `294 less than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 34.3% of 4th grade students attending schools in Bushwick performed at grade level in math, compared to 52.3% in Brooklyn, and 49.4% citywide; 31.4% of Bushwick 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 51.2% in Brooklyn, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 13.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 13.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: BK04 Bushwick

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 45.5% 45.7% 45.8% 33
Disabled population 6.7% 9.0% 17
Foreign-born population 33.2% 38.7% 35.7% 27.6% 33 41
Population 120,710 123,871 140,437 121,188
Population aged 65+ 6.7% 7.7% 7.1% 8.9% 54 54
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 53.6% 42.8% 43.3% 23.2% 2 46
Single-person households 26.8% 18.2% 27.4% 34
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 2.8% 3.2% 2.9% 4.2% 40 40
Percent Black 23.4% 20.6% 19.3% 16.4% 23 25
Percent Hispanic 67.8% 70.3% 68.4% 53.1% 3 10
Percent white 3.1% 4.1% 9.0% 22.4% 47 34
Racial diversity index 0.48 0.46 0.49 0.64 39 20
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.3 4.6 6.4 21
Median household income (2019$) $36,150 $35,100 $42,790 $54,240 47 40
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $68,410 $68,310 $92,300 33
Median household income, renters (2019$) $30,230 $37,950 $49,620 29
Poverty rate 38.2% 32.9% 28.5% 24.0% 6 14
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 32.2% 27.0% 31.2% 9
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 44.8% 42.0% 38.8% 9
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 59.0% 61.6% 66.3% 15
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 44.6% 39.4% 22.7% 15
Unemployment rate 17.21% 7.10% 10.22% 3.76% 8 47

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 13.7% 18.7% 15.9% 13.5% 45 46
Housing units 42,583 47,609 50,529 39
Rental vacancy rate 5.2% 3.8% 15
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 180.8 175.6 97.0 122.8 17
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 5.4% 3.6% 34
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 755.9 585.6 462.4 428.0 19
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 23.1 35.1 53.1 15.0 8 13
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 242 277 425 119 10 23
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 102 193 211 48 15 22
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 26 30 148 56 15 27
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 84.9 67.6 17
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 587 467 26
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 49 10 16 7
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.2% 63.0% 3.9% 23
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 1.9%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 12.9%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 95.6 20.6 20.0 26
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 100.0% 100.0% 99.3% 4
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 2.5% 7.3% 3.4% 42
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 108.4 9.4 15.8 15
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 18 33 6 12 40 47
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 286 666 160 212 22 24
Sales volume, 5+ family building 119 179 66 43 1 6
Sales volume, all property types 423 910 257 350 32 44
Sales volume, condominium 0 32 25 83 52 31
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $253,850 $526,950 $275,500 $732,500 49 32
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $129,700 $295,500 $189,160 $469,580 53 27
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $59,480 $103,300 $97,290 $287,500 36 20
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $447,010 $335,140 $580,000 27
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 232.8 152.3 365.8 1 14
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 247.7 156.0 452.7 1 12
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 198.0 219.9 608.0 1 24
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 237.0 178.2 460.4 1 10
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 238.2 188.3 428.0 1 9
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 361 10
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 0 45
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 0 39
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 9 22
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 620 29
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 63 7
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 1,525 28
Public Housing (properties) 22 13
Public Housing (units) 1,427 32
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 0 44
Mitchell-Lama (units) 0 43
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 91 5
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 2,777 10
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 49 15
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 1,227 19
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 215 6
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 10 15
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 413 26
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 19 14
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 531 32
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 36 9
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 762 29

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 48.9 55.4 47.8 18
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 225 576 49 449 452 22 23
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 4 568 450 1,502 1,208 56 5

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 73.6% 78.9% 84.5% 83.2% 18 15
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 39.8 41.6 38.3 43.1 37 32
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 19.4 16.3 13.4 13.8 17
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 10.5 8.6 8.0 8.0 15
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 8.9 7.7 5.4 5.8 16
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 36.9% 31.4% 55
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 31.5% 34.3% 51

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $1,220 $1,500 33
Median rent, all (2019$) $930 $1,040 $1,270 $1,620 41 17
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,440 $2,110 11
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $960 $1,200 36
Median rent, asking $1,600 $2,600 12
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 6.6% 7.0% 15
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 65.2% 40.9% 33
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 97.5% 85.1% 34
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 23.5% 25.5% 26.4% 18
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 26.8% 27.1% 46
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 11.6% 29.8% 12
Severely rent-burdened households 31.9% 35.7% 31.8% 3 21
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 45.4% 45.9% 24
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.6% 1.9% 16
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 7.5% 4.5% 26
Public housing (% of rental units) 10.8% 15

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.