New York City Neighborhood Data Profiles

BK16: Brownsville

Demographics

In 2017, there were about 111,511 people in Brownsville, 1.9% of the population identified as Asian in 2017, 71.3% identified as black, 19.8% identified as Hispanic, and 4.3% identified as white. Median household income in 2017 was $20,640, about 67% less than citywide median household income ($62,040). The poverty rate in Brownsville was 39.9% in 2017 compared to 17.9% citywide.

Housing

Real median gross rent in Brownsville increased from $770 in 2006 to $900 in 2017. Median asking rent — rent for units being advertised for lease — in 2017 was $2,150 in Brownsville, compared to $2,500 in Brooklyn and $2,800 citywide. In 2017, 38.8% of renter households in Brownsville were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). The rental vacancy rate in Brownsville was 4.9%. In 2017, the homeownership rate in Brownsville was 15.7%. There were 225 property sales in Brownsville in 2018. Sales prices for all residential property types increased by 4% in Brownsville between 2017 and 2018, compared to an increase of 4% in Brooklyn and an increase of 2.5% citywide.

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

In 2018, 23.7% of 4th grade students attending schools in Brownsville performed at grade level in math, compared to 49.0% in Brooklyn, and 46% citywide; 31.3% of Brownsville 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 51.4% in Brooklyn, and 49% citywide. The serious crime rate was 18.1 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2018, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.


State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods report »
Community District Data Summary (PDF, 113 KB) »

Neighborhood Indicators: BK16 Brownsville

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Population
Born in New York State 59.7% 60.1% 62.2% 58.4% 8
Disabled population 10.5% 11.5% 10.4% 11
Foreign-born population 23.6% 28.3% 28.8% 26.2% 30.7% 42 35
Population 116,790 116,936 115,433 111,511 122,128
Population aged 65+ 7.2% 9.1% 9.4% 12.2% 11.0% 51 45
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 51.7% 45.1% 45.1% 25.2% 27.5% 3 33
Single-person households 27.8% 26.5% 50.3% 42.3% 8
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.6% 0.3% 0.4% 1.9% 0.7% 54 54
Percent black 75.9% 77.3% 74.0% 71.3% 70.0% 5 2
Percent Hispanic 20.4% 20.3% 24.6% 19.8% 25.5% 26 23
Percent white 0.7% 0.8% 0.4% 4.3% 2.4% 55 53
Racial diversity index 0.38 0.36 0.39 0.45 0.44 49 49
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.8 6.0 9.7 1
Median household income (2018$) $32,930 $28,490 $29,810 $20,640 $32,450 53 52
Median household income, homeowners (2018$) $69,390 $71,130 $62,500 $76,510 47
Median household income, renters (2018$) $20,700 $23,130 $14,150 $28,600 53
Poverty rate 42.6% 38.7% 39.8% 39.9% 27.8% 3 8
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 39.5% 25.4% 38.5% 23.8% 16
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 51.7% 53.4% 36.5% 35.7% 14
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 51.2% 54.1% 53.4% 55.0% 52
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 33.0% 27.7% 19.4% 22.2% 17
Unemployment rate 22.30% 13.10% 15.58% 20.75% 6.38% 2 16

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 16.8% 21.6% 17.5% 15.7% 17.9% 41 42
Housing units 44,350 45,117 52,301 54,613 34
Rental vacancy rate 5.3% 4.9%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 136.4 143.7 115.0 106.8 7
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 2.0% 2.5%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 572.5 473.1 514.9 528.5 10
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 21.4 41.0 59.7 35.3 30.7 12 1
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 154 255 371 221 187 17 17
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 92 193 198 92 66 17 16
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 11 34 145 111 111 30 16
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 125.7 120.0 4
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 724 693 22
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 23 13 14 5 13 19
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.4% 83.2% 42.1% 45.3% 5
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 0.8% 15.0% 89.9% 55
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 7.7% 1.9% 96.0% 26
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 74.6 13.5 13.6 14.2 47
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 4.3% 15.4% 4.6% 7.9% 26
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 94.9% 96.2% 95.5% 90.6% 6
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 99.0 10.7 16.3 15.4 17
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 35 69 19 37 51 35 32
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 220 451 103 123 143 28 29
Sales volume, 5+ family building 28 40 19 14 15 14 34
Sales volume, all property types 284 567 153 186 225 39 47
Sales volume, condominium 1 7 12 12 16 48 49
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2018$) $224,910 $446,360 $323,780 $433,110 $436,450 51 52
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2018$) $142,440 $264,510 $145,420 $281,940 $332,500 48 38
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2018$) $49,610 $119,970 $74,200 $196,980 $166,670 47 48
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2018$) $125,880 $223,180 $370,360 $484,290 $457,500 46 37
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 206.3 166.7 240.8 210.6 1 50
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 213.2 130.5 249.2 259.3 1 36
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 231.9 148.9 499.8 343.5 1 44
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 214.5 130.9 263.5 272.9 1 39
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 237.3 177.2 207.3 238.5 1 45

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 45.1 44.6 43.0 47.1 20
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 34 232 288 206 774 52 9
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 92 313 310 542 218 29 32

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 73.1% 76.7% 79.5% 81.5% 20 16
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 48.1 43.4 45.8 46.4 4 16
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 23.9 23.3 18.4 18.1 6
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 10.6 10.3 7.5 7.3 20
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 13.3 13.0 10.9 10.7 2
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 19.3% 31.3% 55
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 13.1% 23.7% 56
Services
Residential units within 1/2 mile of a subway station 89.4% 27
Residential units within 1/4 mile of a park 88.7% 22

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2018$) $940 $1,080 50
Median rent, all (2018$) $750 $770 $950 $900 $970 51 54
Median rent, recent movers (2018$) $1,120 $1,260 50
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2018$) $690 $790 54
Median rent, asking $2,150 $2,200 22
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 28.9% 25.5% 1
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 86.4% 86.2% 5
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 100.0% 98.6% 13
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 25.1% 22.8% 24.3% 28.4% 8
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 27.6% 27.2% 46
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 5.5% 10.8% 39
Severely rent-burdened households 29.6% 32.2% 38.8% 8
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 39.0% 43.8% 42
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 0.0% 38
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 12.3% 11.1% 12
Public housing (% of rental units) 30.1% 5
Eviction
Private eviction filings 3,072 3,409 20
Private eviction filings per 1000 private rental units 165.6 167.1 11

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2017 heading comes from the 2013– 2017 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.