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Brownsville BK16

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DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 128,369 people in Brownsville, of which 0.9% of the population identified as Asian, 68.4% identified as Black, 25.6% identified as Hispanic, and 3.8% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of Brownsville in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (37.5%) of households is <= $20,000. In 2000, the same household income group had the largest share as well, with a slightly lower share of 35.6%.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in Brownsville in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $31,880, about 55% less than citywide median household income ($70,590). The poverty rate in Brownsville was 34.3% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in Brownsville was 34.3% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Brownsville increased from $800 in 2006 to $1,130 in 2019. In 2019, 37.7% of renter households in Brownsville were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 75.7% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 11 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 27.4% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2020. The overall rental vacancy rate in Brownsville was 3.9%.

Real median gross rent in Brownsville increased from $820 in 2007 to $1,130 in 2019.
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27.4% of the rental units in Brownsville are public housing rental units in 2020.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in Brownsville was 17.7%, lower than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 0.2 percentage points since 2010. In 2019, the home purchase loan rate was 14.6 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 21.5 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Brownsville, 17.6% and 5.7% were high cost loans, respectively. 70 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Brownsville in 2020. There were 11.4 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 11.4 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Brownsville in 2020
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 360 residential units in new buildings in Brownsville last year, 248 more than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 97 residential units in new buildings in Brownsville last year, 15 less than the number of units certified in 2019.
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 16.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2020, compared to 11.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 16.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2020, compared to 11.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Neighborhood Indicators: BK16 Brownsville

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Population
Born in New York State 59.7% 60.1% 62.7% 6
Disabled population 10.5% 11.7% 9
Foreign-born population 23.6% 28.3% 28.8% 25.6% 42 41
Population 116,790 116,936 115,433 128,369
Population aged 65+ 7.2% 9.1% 9.4% 12.5% 51 40
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 51.7% 45.1% 45.1% 30.5% 3 26
Single-person households 27.8% 26.5% 36.7% 14
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.6% 0.3% 0.4% 0.9% 54 53
Percent Black 75.9% 77.3% 74.0% 68.4% 5 2
Percent Hispanic 20.4% 20.3% 24.6% 25.6% 26 25
Percent white 0.7% 0.8% 0.4% 3.8% 55 48
Racial diversity index 0.38 0.36 0.39 0.47 49 48
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.8 6.0 6.8 11
Median household income (2020$) $34,050 $29,450 $30,820 $31,880 53 53
Median household income, homeowners (2020$) $71,740 $73,540 $74,870 54
Median household income, renters (2020$) $21,400 $23,920 $26,890 53
Poverty rate 42.6% 38.7% 39.8% 34.3% 3 3
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 39.5% 25.4% 33.9% 7
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 51.7% 53.4% 47.4% 3
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 51.2% 54.1% 54.5% 51
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 33.0% 27.7% 23.9% 13
Unemployment rate 22.30% 13.10% 15.58% 7.62% 2 9

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 16.8% 21.6% 17.5% 17.7% 41 42
Housing units 44,350 45,117 55,188 33
Rental vacancy rate 5.3% 3.9% 14
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 136.4 143.7 175.9 136.2 7
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 2.0% 1.6% 55
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 572.5 473.1 641.1 441.9 4
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 21.4 41.0 59.7 26.9 11.4 12 2
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 154 255 371 178 70 17 16
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 92 193 198 65 21 17 19
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 11 34 145 90 45 30 15
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 99.7 56.0 5
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 575 326 23
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 23 13 14 13
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.4% 83.2% 33.8% 8
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 57.2% 0.8% 17.6% 4
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 49.9% 7.7% 5.7% 5
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 74.6 13.5 14.6 47
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 94.9% 15.4% 88.0% 6
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 4.3% 96.2% 7.2% 30
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 99.0 10.7 21.5 14
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 35 69 19 29 21 35 33
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 220 451 103 104 86 28 29
Sales volume, 5+ family building 28 39 19 13 6 14 32
Sales volume, all property types 284 566 153 164 131 39 46
Sales volume, condominium 1 7 12 18 18 48 46
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2020$) $232,540 $461,490 $334,760 $482,330 $490,000 51 47
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2020$) $147,270 $273,480 $150,350 $372,940 $385,630 48 33
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2020$) $51,290 $122,850 $76,720 $167,820 $212,500 47 27
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2020$) $130,150 $230,750 $382,920 $503,460 $457,000 46 38
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 161.9 124.1 86.9 126.7 49
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 220.9 124.0 224.0 261.9 32
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 188.5 155.6 706.2 481.3 24
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 210.4 122.8 237.7 269.1 32
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 50.7 31.9 75.6
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 515 5
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 13 5
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 753 14
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 32 12
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 2,556 12
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 102 6
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 3,767 16
Public Housing (properties) 48 2
Public Housing (units) 8,613 6
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 13 4
Mitchell-Lama (units) 1,486 19
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 7 55
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 247 54
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 108 7
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 3,047 8
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 179 8
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 16 12
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 652 20
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 51 5
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 1,875 13
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 57 10
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 2,994 19

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 45.1 44.6 49.6 19
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 34 232 403 683 503 52 15
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 92 313 310 112 360 29 19

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 73.1% 76.7% 78.7% 20 26
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 48.1 43.4 47.2 4 12
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 23.9 23.3 16.7 16.6 13
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 10.6 10.3 6.7 6.7 29
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 13.3 13.0 10.0 9.9 4
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 28.8% 57
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 25.5% 57

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2020$) $980 $1,110 51
Median rent, all (2020$) $780 $800 $990 $1,130 51 50
Median rent, recent movers (2020$) $1,160 $1,320 51
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2020$) $710 $760 55
Median rent, asking
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 28.9% 24.3% 3
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 86.4% 75.7% 13
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 100.0% 99.0% 14
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 25.1% 22.8% 24.2% 30
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 27.6% 28.3% 40
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 5.5% 9.5% 35
Severely rent-burdened households 29.6% 32.2% 37.7% 8 5
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 39.0% 45.7% 19
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 0.0% 33
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 12.3% 9.3% 13
Public housing (% of rental units) 27.4% 4

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.