NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

Brownsville BK16

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 122,128 people in Brownsville, with 0.7% of the population identified as Asian, 70.0% identified as black, 25.5% identified as Hispanic, and 2.4% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $32,980, about 49% less than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Brownsville was 27.8% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in Brownsville was 27.8% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters
Real median gross rent in Brownsville increased from $780 in 2006 to $990 in 2018. In 2018, 38.5% of renter households in Brownsville were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 81.0% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 5 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 23.2% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Brownsville was 4.9%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in Brownsville increased from $780 in 2006 to $990 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

23.2% of the rental units in Brownsville are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Brownsville was 17.9%, lower than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 0.4 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 14.2 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 15.4 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 187 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Brownsville in 2018. There were 30.7 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 30.7 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Brownsville in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development
In 2019, there were 563 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 5.9% of total new units in Brooklyn, and 2.1% of the citywide total, in Brownsville. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 111 residential units in new buildings in Brownsville last year, 107 less than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `111 residential units in new buildings in Brownsville last year, `107 less than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 27.9% of 4th grade students attending schools in Brownsville performed at grade level in math, compared to 52.3% in Brooklyn, and 49.4% citywide; 32.7% of Brownsville 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 51.2% in Brooklyn, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 16.5 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 16.5 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: BK16 Brownsville

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 59.7% 60.1% 58.4% 8
Disabled population 10.5% 10.4% 11
Foreign-born population 23.6% 28.3% 28.8% 30.7% 42 35
Population 116,790 116,936 115,433 122,128
Population aged 65+ 7.2% 9.1% 9.4% 11.0% 51 45
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 51.7% 45.1% 45.1% 27.5% 3 33
Single-person households 27.8% 26.5% 42.3% 8
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.6% 0.3% 0.4% 0.7% 54 54
Percent Black 75.9% 77.3% 74.0% 70.0% 5 2
Percent Hispanic 20.4% 20.3% 24.6% 25.5% 26 23
Percent white 0.7% 0.8% 0.4% 2.4% 55 53
Racial diversity index 0.38 0.36 0.39 0.44 49 49
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.8 6.0 7.0 12
Median household income (2019$) $33,470 $28,960 $30,300 $32,980 53 52
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $70,530 $72,300 $77,780 47
Median household income, renters (2019$) $21,040 $23,520 $29,070 53
Poverty rate 42.6% 38.7% 39.8% 27.8% 3 8
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 39.5% 25.4% 23.8% 16
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 51.7% 53.4% 35.7% 14
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 51.2% 54.1% 55.0% 52
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 33.0% 27.7% 22.2% 17
Unemployment rate 22.30% 13.10% 15.58% 6.38% 2 16

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 16.8% 21.6% 17.5% 17.9% 41 42
Housing units 44,350 45,117 54,613 34
Rental vacancy rate 5.3% 4.9% 10
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 136.4 143.7 106.8 175.7 7
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 2.0% 1.7% 54
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 572.5 473.1 528.5 639.2 7
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 21.4 41.0 59.7 30.7 12 1
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 154 255 371 187 17 17
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 92 193 197 65 17 16
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 11 34 146 112 30 16
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 120.0 99.7 6
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 693 575 22
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 23 13 14 13
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.4% 83.2% 45.3% 5
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 0.8%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 7.7%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 74.6 13.5 14.2 47
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 94.9% 96.2% 90.6% 6
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 4.3% 15.4% 7.9% 26
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 99.0 10.7 15.4 17
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 35 69 19 51 35 32
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 220 451 103 143 28 29
Sales volume, 5+ family building 28 40 19 15 14 34
Sales volume, all property types 284 567 153 225 39 47
Sales volume, condominium 1 7 12 16 48 49
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $224,910 $446,360 $323,780 $436,450 51 52
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $142,440 $264,510 $145,420 $332,500 48 38
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $49,610 $119,970 $74,200 $166,670 47 48
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $125,880 $223,180 $370,360 $457,500 46 37
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 206.3 166.7 210.6 1 50
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 213.2 130.5 259.3 1 36
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 231.9 148.9 343.5 1 44
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 214.5 130.9 272.9 1 39
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 237.3 177.2 238.5 1 45
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 431 6
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 7 6
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 467 16
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 12 19
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 1,228 18
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 54 14
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 2,927 21
Public Housing (properties) 48 2
Public Housing (units) 8,613 6
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 13 4
Mitchell-Lama (units) 1,486 19
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 6 51
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 239 50
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 102 7
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 2,441 9
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 179 8
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 12 11
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 881 13
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 14 18
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 1,301 18
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 39 8
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 1,963 21

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 45.1 44.6 47.1 20
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 34 232 288 774 563 52 17
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 92 313 311 218 111 29 45

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 73.1% 76.7% 81.5% 20 16
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 48.1 43.4 46.4 4 16
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 23.9 23.3 18.3 16.5 12
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 10.6 10.3 7.5 6.5 23
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 13.3 13.0 10.8 10.0 3
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 31.3% 28.8% 57
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 23.7% 25.5% 57

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $960 $1,060 52
Median rent, all (2019$) $760 $780 $970 $990 51 54
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,140 $1,250 53
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $700 $760 54
Median rent, asking $2,200 22
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 28.9% 26.1% 2
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 86.4% 81.0% 12
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 100.0% 99.1% 13
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 25.1% 22.8% 28.4% 8
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 27.6% 27.4% 44
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 5.5% 7.1% 46
Severely rent-burdened households 29.6% 32.2% 38.5% 8 5
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 39.0% 44.9% 25
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 0.0% 33
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 12.3% 10.6% 13
Public housing (% of rental units) 23.2% 3

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.