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Rockaway/Broad Channel QN14

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Neighborhood Indicators

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Population
Born in New York State 66.4% 63.4% 58.9%
Disabled population 9.0% 15.9%
Foreign-born population 24.4% 24.3% 25.7% 32.7%
Population 106,738 120,268 124,031 121,740
Population aged 65+ 14.2% 13.9% 13.6% 17.9%
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 40.1% 41.9% 38.8% 33.0%
Single-person households 28.5% 30.4% 31.8%
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 1.6% 1.5% 1.0% 2.7%
Percent Black 40.0% 37.9% 37.9% 37.4%
Percent Hispanic 17.7% 17.8% 23.5% 26.0%
Percent white 37.3% 39.6% 35.8% 32.3%
Racial diversity index 0.67 0.67 0.67 0.69
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.0 6.7 5.9
Median household income (2021$) $57,630 $57,710 $58,160 $57,830
Median household income, homeowners (2021$) $106,080 $110,350 $95,150
Median household income, renters (2021$) $40,090 $31,930 $46,420
Poverty rate 22.4% 20.3% 22.4% 18.1%
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 15.1% 24.7% 20.0%
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 26.4% 33.4% 23.2%
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 55.8% 56.8% 57.3%
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 25.5% 21.9% 20.6%
Unemployment rate 12.78% 9.06% 14.24% 6.27%

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 35.1% 41.1% 37.8% 36.6%
Housing units 44,338 47,462 44,696
Rental vacancy rate 5.1% 3.2%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 34.3 39.6 65.7 64.5 85.0
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.4% 3.9%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 190.9 182.1 262.6 219.0 339.8
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 17.6 23.2 32.4 14.4 7.0 7.3
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 182 287 427 196 93 99
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 149 223 296 74 38 23
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 28 57 124 117 55 75
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 75.0 41.9 31.3
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 996 560 418
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 58 19 45
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.4% 41.3% 24.3% 21.1%
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 30.0% 1.2% 8.9% 3.6%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 38.4% 2.5% 2.4% 0.4%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 53.9 16.6 16.2 14.8
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 58.8% 9.3% 32.3% 27.3%
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 3.5% 31.9% 9.6% 8.2%
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 49.7 13.5 18.3 36.5
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 247 328 120 134 123 175
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 280 667 213 157 122 194
Sales volume, 5+ family building 12 15 6 15 7 10
Sales volume, condominium 12 45 105 43 38 92
Sales volume, all property types 551 1,055 444 349 290 471
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2021$) $496,990 $505,910 $567,450 $619,900 $560,000
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2021$) $324,490 $182,030 $315,650 $340,940 $337,500
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2021$) $120,400 $34,180 $132,400 $150,670 $55,710
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2021$) $423,820 $460,230 $367,790 $422,310 $487,000
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 218.5 166.5 250.6 269.5 259.3
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 236.4 148.5 249.3 266.4 292.5
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 204.5 131.2 312.2 473.6 368.7
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 214.7 187.7 240.1 251.1 263.2
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 231.0 159.1 247.6 267.1 274.6
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 112
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 9
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 3,254
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 19
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 3,902
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 21
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 4,012
Public Housing (properties) 6
Public Housing (units) 2,620
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 7
Mitchell-Lama (units) 3,944
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 19
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 737
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 11
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 2,117
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 38
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (properties) 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (units) 153
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (properties) 6
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (units) 1,093
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (properties) 26
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (units) 5,431

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 10.7 11.0 10.8
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 1,070 0 332 699 826
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 266 990 229 318 184

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 44.2% 49.8% 49.5% 40.4%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 45.6 41.7 44.7 49.2
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 8.4 8.4 11.0 10.1 8.8
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 4.4 4.5 5.2 4.7 4.1
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 4.1 3.9 5.8 5.4 4.6
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 37.3%
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 37.7%

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2021$) $1,180 $1,370
Median rent, all (2021$) $930 $1,080 $1,110 $1,300
Median rent, recent movers (2021$) $1,280 $1,680
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2021$) $1,000 $1,040
Change in collected rent (2019-2020) 0.5%
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 12.4%
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 77.1%
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 100.0%
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 21.9% 19.0% 27.1%
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 25.1% 32.8%
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 11.0% 11.8%
Severely rent-burdened households 24.9% 29.8% 25.6%
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 42.5% 34.3%
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 0.0%
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 17.8% 20.1% 19.2%
Public housing (% of rental units) 10.3%
DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 121,740 people in Rockaway/Broad Channel, of which 2.7% of the population identified as Asian, 37.4% identified as Black, 26.0% identified as Hispanic, and 32.3% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of Rockaway/Broad Channel in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (22.6%) of households was $100,001 - $250,000. In 2000, the household income group with the largest share (22.7%) of households was $60,001 - $100,000.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in Rockaway/Broad Channel in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $57,830, about 21% less than citywide median household income ($72,930). The poverty rate in Rockaway/Broad Channel was 18.1% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in Rockaway/Broad Channel was 18.1% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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The rent distribution shows the share of apartments by their size (according to the number of bedrooms), and then for each apartment size in the community district, the share of apartments according to their monthly gross rent. This distribution compares 5-year ACS figures from 2010 to 5-year ACS figures from 2019. This is a new figure made for the 2021 State of the City report.

Graph showing the distribution of rents in Rockaway/Broad Channel in both 2010 and 2015-2019.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Rockaway/Broad Channel increased from $1,080 in 2006 to $1,300 in 2019. In 2019, 25.6% of renter households in Rockaway/Broad Channel were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). NA of the rental units were affordable at 80% Area Median Income. 10.3% of rental units were public housing rental units, as of 2021. The overall rental vacancy rate in Rockaway/Broad Channel was 3.2% in 2019.

Real median gross rent in Rockaway/Broad Channel increased from $1,010 in 2007 to $1,300 in 2019.
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10.3% of the rental units in Rockaway/Broad Channel are public housing rental units in 2021.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in Rockaway/Broad Channel was 36.6%, higher than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has decreased by 1.2 percentage points since 2010. In 2020, the home purchase loan rate was 14.8 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 36.5 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Rockaway/Broad Channel, 3.6% and 0.4% were high cost loans, respectively. 99 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Rockaway/Broad Channel in 2021. There were 7.3 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 7.3 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Rockaway/Broad Channel in 2021
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 184 residential units in new buildings in Rockaway/Broad Channel in 2020, 134 less than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 184 residential units in new buildings in Rockaway/Broad Channel last year, 134 less than the number of units certified in 2019.
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Over the last decade, 1,215 units in 4+ unit buildings were built in Rockaway/Broad Channel. 59% were market rate, compared to 35% low-income. We use data from a variety of sources to count the number of income-restricted units targeted to households earning between 80% and 165% of AMI. However, due to restricted availability of granular data our calculations of income-restricted units should be read as conservative estimates. Read more about our methdology in the technical appendix of the 2021 Focus Report.

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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 8.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 8.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Data Notes: See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 - 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.