New York City Neighborhood Data Profiles

MN10: Central Harlem

Demographics

In 2017, there were about 147,442 people in Central Harlem, 4.1% of the population identified as Asian in 2017, 53.0% identified as black, 24.7% identified as Hispanic, and 14.9% identified as white. Median household income in 2017 was $49,995, about 19% less than citywide median household income ($62,040). The poverty rate in Central Harlem was 23.5% in 2017 compared to 17.9% citywide.

Housing

Real median gross rent in Central Harlem increased from $800 in 2006 to $1,070 in 2017. Median asking rent — rent for units being advertised for lease — in 2017 was $2,350 in Central Harlem, compared to $3,150 in Manhattan and $2,800 citywide. In 2017, 24.8% of renter households in Central Harlem were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). The rental vacancy rate in Central Harlem was 4.1%. In 2017, the homeownership rate in Central Harlem was 14.9%. There were 353 property sales in Central Harlem in 2018. Sales prices for all residential property types increased by 2% in Central Harlem between 2017 and 2018, compared to an decrease of 2% in Manhattan and an increase of 2.5% citywide.

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

In 2018, 23.4% of 4th grade students attending schools in Central Harlem performed at grade level in math, compared to 54.2% in Manhattan, and 46% citywide; 26.1% of Central Harlem 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 57.6% in Manhattan, and 49% citywide. The serious crime rate was 16.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2018, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.


State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods report »
Community District Data Summary (PDF, 138 KB) »

Neighborhood Indicators: MN10 Central Harlem

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Population
Born in New York State 57.6% 57.5% 53.3% 51.8% 16
Disabled population 11.8% 8.7% 7.1% 24
Foreign-born population 17.8% 20.8% 19.7% 25.2% 25.6% 51 44
Population 109,091 118,143 126,558 147,442 146,309
Population aged 65+ 11.3% 10.3% 10.5% 11.4% 11.0% 24 45
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 34.0% 32.5% 27.8% 26.4% 27.5% 35 33
Single-person households 46.9% 41.5% 38.9% 39.9% 9
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.8% 2.3% 3.5% 4.1% 4.4% 50 39
Percent black 77.3% 69.5% 58.6% 53.0% 56.1% 4 8
Percent Hispanic 16.8% 18.4% 23.6% 24.7% 22.9% 32 26
Percent white 2.1% 6.8% 11.8% 14.9% 13.8% 49 41
Racial diversity index 0.37 0.48 0.59 0.63 0.61 50 25
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 7.5 7.5 9.3 2
Median household income (2018$) $33,080 $33,490 $40,140 $49,990 $47,710 52 45
Median household income, homeowners (2018$) $111,720 $126,220 $135,140 $132,690 10
Median household income, renters (2018$) $29,890 $35,710 $42,820 $43,490 36
Poverty rate 36.4% 28.7% 28.1% 23.5% 25.1% 8 12
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 34.0% 27.5% 26.3% 34.2% 4
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 33.7% 35.8% 35.1% 30.7% 15
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 60.7% 56.8% 65.7% 60.8% 38
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 26.3% 21.1% 17.8% 20.3% 21
Unemployment rate 18.61% 13.41% 15.88% 8.23% 5.34% 5 27

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 6.6% 12.2% 13.4% 14.9% 9.4% 52 49
Housing units 57,994 61,313 68,377 62,494 23
Rental vacancy rate 4.7% 4.1%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 52.5 50.5 73.0 80.3 18
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.0% 2.0%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 285.0 243.6 393.2 444.8 18
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 32.9 7.7 13.3 4.9 6.4 3 31
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 137 42 106 38 43 19 38
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 40 21 57 16 18 31 40
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 8 3 7 13 20 37 36
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 46.1 43.8 31
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 272 262 36
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 2 0 0 0 39 38
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 14.7% 0.0% 0.4% 39
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 1.3% 0.0% 98.2% 10
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 2.8% 2.2% 99.3% 2
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 37.8 42.9 21.0 18.5 30
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 5.1% 6.6% 2.8% 5.4% 37
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 92.0% 98.5% 50.0% 70.6% 10
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 28.2 9.8 11.4 11.7 26
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 3 10 3 8 6 52 49
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 51 55 29 29 35 44 48
Sales volume, 5+ family building 47 78 44 42 80 7 1
Sales volume, all property types 121 334 417 363 353 46 43
Sales volume, condominium 20 191 341 284 232 32 18
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2018$) $487,310 $1,230,580 $1,817,730 $2,191,000 $2,387,500 14 11
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2018$) $201,900 $391,400 $348,710 $653,900 $700,000 24 13
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2018$) $48,390 $142,380 $112,470 $223,110 $340,000 48 12
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2018$) $251,720 $675,440 $682,520 $933,750 $870,000 24 13
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 357.5 807.7 670.6 777.6 1 3
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 329.4 202.6 459.1 648.8 1 4
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 355.7 242.8 825.6 768.3 1 12
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 324.8 294.5 605.0 614.1 1 2
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 322.5 329.4 514.0 581.2 1 2

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 82.6 88.5 103.1 102.3 2
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 261 705 77 477 315 15 23
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 87 232 514 113 132 34 40

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 81.7% 83.8% 85.0% 85.6% 86.9% 8 9
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 37.3 35.5 34.8 36.9 37.9 42 43
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 22.7 17.1 16.8 16.8 11
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.1 7.9 8.5 9.0 12
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 11.6 9.3 8.3 7.8 9
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 22.5% 26.1% 58
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 14.2% 23.4% 57
Services
Residential units within 1/2 mile of a subway station 100.0% 1
Residential units within 1/4 mile of a park 96.7% 15

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2017 2018 Rank (2010) Rank (17/18)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2018$) $870 $1,010 53
Median rent, all (2018$) $730 $800 $900 $1,070 $1,140 52 49
Median rent, recent movers (2018$) $1,110 $1,660 19
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2018$) $840 $980 48
Median rent, asking $1,850 $2,350 $2,430 17
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 19.3% 19.3% 4
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 59.2% 44.7% 33
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 86.9% 82.2% 35
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 24.8% 26.4% 24.7% 24.7% 28
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 29.4% 30.8% 28
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 15.6% 27.0% 14
Severely rent-burdened households 24.1% 24.1% 24.8% 24
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 34.0% 35.3% 54
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 4.5% 0.6% 26
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 7.6% 6.5% 21
Public housing (% of rental units) 16.6% 11
Eviction
Private eviction filings 6,336 6,020 6
Private eviction filings per 1000 private rental units 152.0 150.0 13

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2017 heading comes from the 2013– 2017 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.