NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

Central Harlem MN10

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 146,309 people in Central Harlem, with 4.4% of the population identified as Asian, 56.1% identified as black, 22.9% identified as Hispanic, and 13.8% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $48,500, about 25% less than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Central Harlem was 25.1% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in Central Harlem was 25.1% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Central Harlem increased from $820 in 2006 to $1,160 in 2018. In 2018, 23.9% of renter households in Central Harlem were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 43.8% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 15 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 16.3% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Central Harlem was 4.1%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in Central Harlem increased from $820 in 2006 to $1,160 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

16.3% of the rental units in Central Harlem are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Central Harlem was 9.4%, lower than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has decreased by 4.0 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 18.5 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 11.7 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 43 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Central Harlem in 2018. There were 6.4 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 6.4 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Central Harlem in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development

In 2019, there were 467 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 8.6% of total new units in Manhattan, and 1.7% of the citywide total, in Central Harlem. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 277 residential units in new buildings in Central Harlem last year, 145 more than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `277 residential units in new buildings in Central Harlem last year, `145 more than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 22.8% of 4th grade students attending schools in Central Harlem performed at grade level in math, compared to 56.3% in Manhattan, and 49.4% citywide; 28.6% of Central Harlem 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 59.2% in Manhattan, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 16.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 16.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: MN10 Central Harlem

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 57.6% 57.5% 51.8% 16
Disabled population 11.8% 7.1% 24
Foreign-born population 17.8% 20.8% 19.7% 25.6% 51 44
Population 109,091 118,143 126,558 146,309
Population aged 65+ 11.3% 10.3% 10.5% 11.0% 24 45
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 34.0% 32.5% 27.8% 27.5% 35 33
Single-person households 46.9% 41.5% 39.9% 9
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.8% 2.3% 3.5% 4.4% 50 39
Percent Black 77.3% 69.5% 58.6% 56.1% 4 8
Percent Hispanic 16.8% 18.4% 23.6% 22.9% 32 26
Percent white 2.1% 6.8% 11.8% 13.8% 49 41
Racial diversity index 0.37 0.48 0.59 0.61 50 25
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 7.5 7.5 8.6 4
Median household income (2019$) $33,630 $34,040 $40,810 $48,500 52 45
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $113,570 $128,300 $134,880 10
Median household income, renters (2019$) $30,380 $36,300 $44,210 36
Poverty rate 36.4% 28.7% 28.1% 25.1% 8 12
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 34.0% 27.5% 34.2% 4
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 33.7% 35.8% 30.7% 15
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 60.7% 56.8% 60.8% 38
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 26.3% 21.1% 20.3% 21
Unemployment rate 18.61% 13.41% 15.88% 5.34% 5 27

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 6.6% 12.2% 13.4% 9.4% 52 49
Housing units 57,994 61,313 62,494 23
Rental vacancy rate 4.7% 4.1% 14
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 52.5 50.5 80.3 122.5 18
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.0% 2.1% 51
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 285.0 243.6 444.8 438.4 17
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 32.9 7.7 13.3 6.4 3 31
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 137 42 106 43 19 38
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 40 21 57 18 31 40
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 8 3 7 20 37 36
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 43.8 36.9 31
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 262 219 36
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 2 0 0 39
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 14.7% 0.4% 39
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 1.3%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 2.8%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 37.8 42.9 18.5 30
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 92.0% 98.5% 70.6% 10
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 5.1% 6.6% 5.4% 37
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 28.2 9.8 11.7 26
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 3 10 3 6 52 49
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 51 55 29 35 44 48
Sales volume, 5+ family building 47 78 44 80 7 1
Sales volume, all property types 121 334 417 353 46 43
Sales volume, condominium 20 191 341 232 32 18
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $487,310 $1,230,580 $1,817,730 $2,387,500 14 11
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $201,900 $391,400 $348,710 $700,000 24 13
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $48,390 $142,380 $112,470 $340,000 48 12
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $251,720 $675,440 $682,520 $870,000 24 13
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 357.5 807.7 777.6 1 3
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 329.4 202.6 648.8 1 4
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 355.7 242.8 768.3 1 12
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 324.8 294.5 614.1 1 2
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 322.5 329.4 581.2 1 2
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 1,039 1
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 15 1
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 1,017 7
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 43 1
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 3,024 6
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 240 1
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 7,195 2
Public Housing (properties) 63 1
Public Housing (units) 7,766 9
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 6 20
Mitchell-Lama (units) 2,449 13
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 23 28
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 728 32
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 176 1
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 4,241 2
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 446 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 34 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 861 14
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 120 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 5,256 4
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 122 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 5,225 5

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 82.6 88.5 102.3 2
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 261 705 77 315 467 15 22
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 87 232 603 132 277 34 27

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 81.7% 83.8% 85.0% 86.9% 8 9
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 37.3 35.5 34.8 37.9 42 43
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 22.7 17.2 17.0 16.6 11
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.1 7.9 9.2 7.8 17
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 11.6 9.3 7.8 8.9 5
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 26.0% 28.6% 58
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 22.1% 22.8% 59

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $890 $1,060 52
Median rent, all (2019$) $750 $820 $920 $1,160 52 49
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,130 $1,800 20
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $850 $1,050 47
Median rent, asking $1,850 $2,430 17
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 19.3% 19.4% 5
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 59.2% 43.8% 31
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 86.9% 84.5% 35
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 24.8% 26.4% 24.7% 28
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 29.4% 32.0% 22
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 15.6% 24.3% 15
Severely rent-burdened households 24.1% 24.1% 23.9% 24 44
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 34.0% 33.4% 54
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 4.5% 1.0% 19
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 7.6% 6.4% 21
Public housing (% of rental units) 16.3% 8

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.