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Central Harlem MN10

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DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 136,351 people in Central Harlem, of which 3.6% of the population identified as Asian, 54.3% identified as Black, 23.6% identified as Hispanic, and 15.5% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of Central Harlem in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (25.9%) of households is <= $20,000. In 2000, the same household income group had the largest share as well, with a slightly higher share of 35.2%.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in Central Harlem in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $55,870, about 21% less than citywide median household income ($70,590). The poverty rate in Central Harlem was 20.1% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in Central Harlem was 20.1% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Central Harlem increased from $830 in 2006 to $1,260 in 2019. In 2019, 23.7% of renter households in Central Harlem were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 41.0% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 18 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 15.5% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2020. The overall rental vacancy rate in Central Harlem was 4.6%.

Real median gross rent in Central Harlem increased from $890 in 2007 to $1,260 in 2019.
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15.5% of the rental units in Central Harlem are public housing rental units in 2020.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in Central Harlem was 14.0%, lower than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 0.6 percentage points since 2010. In 2019, the home purchase loan rate was 19.9 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 11.4 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Central Harlem, 0.0% and 2.2% were high cost loans, respectively. 24 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Central Harlem in 2020. There were 1.6 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 1.6 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Central Harlem in 2020
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 665 residential units in new buildings in Central Harlem last year, 388 more than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 235 residential units in new buildings in Central Harlem last year, 40 less than the number of units certified in 2019.
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 17.0 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2020, compared to 11.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 17.0 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2020, compared to 11.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Neighborhood Indicators: MN10 Central Harlem

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Population
Born in New York State 57.6% 57.5% 58.5% 11
Disabled population 11.8% 10.6% 12
Foreign-born population 17.8% 20.8% 19.7% 20.5% 51 50
Population 109,091 118,143 126,558 136,351
Population aged 65+ 11.3% 10.3% 10.5% 11.9% 24 44
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 34.0% 32.5% 27.8% 22.8% 35 41
Single-person households 46.9% 41.5% 42.7% 8
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.8% 2.3% 3.5% 3.6% 50 43
Percent Black 77.3% 69.5% 58.6% 54.3% 4 8
Percent Hispanic 16.8% 18.4% 23.6% 23.6% 32 29
Percent white 2.1% 6.8% 11.8% 15.5% 49 40
Racial diversity index 0.37 0.48 0.59 0.62 50 25
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 7.5 7.5 8.9 3
Median household income (2020$) $34,210 $34,620 $41,500 $55,870 52 42
Median household income, homeowners (2020$) $115,510 $130,500 $132,840 10
Median household income, renters (2020$) $30,900 $36,920 $51,070 34
Poverty rate 36.4% 28.7% 28.1% 20.1% 8 15
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 34.0% 27.5% 25.2% 14
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 33.7% 35.8% 26.4% 19
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 60.7% 56.8% 69.0% 13
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 26.3% 21.1% 13.9% 35
Unemployment rate 18.61% 13.41% 15.88% 8.69% 5 6

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 6.6% 12.2% 13.4% 14.0% 52 47
Housing units 57,994 61,313 63,719 23
Rental vacancy rate 4.7% 4.6% 9
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 52.5 50.5 122.9 102.4 17
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.0% 2.4% 49
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 285.0 243.6 439.7 319.7 17
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 32.9 7.7 13.3 6.4 1.6 3 41
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 137 42 106 50 24 19 36
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 40 21 57 17 7 31 38
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 8 3 7 21 3 37 53
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 36.9 16.5 35
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 219 105 41
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 2 0 0 39
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 14.7% 0.4% 38
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 6.5% 1.3% 0.0% 54
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 29.8% 2.8% 2.2% 38
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 37.8 42.9 19.9 26
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 92.0% 6.6% 33.1% 26
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 5.1% 98.5% 4.7% 38
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 28.2 9.8 11.4 39
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 3 10 3 3 0 52 54
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 51 55 29 21 15 44 48
Sales volume, 5+ family building 47 78 44 29 20 7 8
Sales volume, all property types 121 334 417 246 241 46 39
Sales volume, condominium 20 191 341 193 206 32 14
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2020$) $503,830 $1,272,310 $1,879,370 $2,268,130 14
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2020$) $208,750 $404,670 $360,540 $851,820 $826,670 24 9
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2020$) $50,030 $147,200 $116,290 $251,530 $142,190 48 44
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2020$) $260,260 $698,340 $705,660 $950,990 $891,000 24 13
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 213.4 548.8 1,945.9 1
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 306.3 160.5 461.7 659.0 3
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 312.4 246.5 640.3 458.9 25
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 316.1 287.8 582.2 523.4 2
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 274.4 287.2 497.3 491.2 5
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 1,243 1
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 22 1
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 1,251 10
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 66 2
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 3,595 5
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 417 1
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 10,409 2
Public Housing (properties) 63 1
Public Housing (units) 7,766 9
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 6 20
Mitchell-Lama (units) 2,449 13
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 98 17
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 4,883 11
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 178 1
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 4,340 5
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 446 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 97 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 1,526 8
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 160 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 5,880 3
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 207 1
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 7,443 5

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 82.6 88.5 95.4 4
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 261 705 77 495 426 15 21
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 87 232 603 277 665 34 9

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 81.7% 83.8% 85.0% 88.0% 8 7
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 37.3 35.5 34.7 36.1 42 45
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 22.7 17.2 16.8 17.0 12
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.1 7.9 7.9 8.8 16
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 11.6 9.3 8.9 8.2 9
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 28.6% 58
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 22.8% 59

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 Rank (2000) Rank (19/20)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2020$) $900 $1,110 51
Median rent, all (2020$) $760 $830 $930 $1,260 52 43
Median rent, recent movers (2020$) $1,150 $1,870 18
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2020$) $870 $1,050 46
Median rent, asking $1,850
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 19.3% 18.5% 6
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 59.2% 41.0% 32
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 86.9% 87.5% 34
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 24.8% 26.4% 18.9% 49
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 29.4% 31.5% 25
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 15.6% 23.2% 17
Severely rent-burdened households 24.1% 24.1% 23.7% 24 46
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 34.0% 33.7% 54
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 4.5% 1.1% 18
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 7.6% 7.1% 21
Public housing (% of rental units) 15.5% 12

Data Notes: See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.