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The Bronx BX

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Neighborhood Indicators

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Population
Born in New York State 54.2% 51.9% 53.4%
Disabled population 12.2% 13.4%
Foreign-born population 29.3% 31.8% 34.3% 33.7%
Population 1,327,690 1,361,473 1,386,657 1,418,207
Population aged 65+ 10.1% 10.3% 10.6% 13.4%
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 43.8% 41.3% 41.3% 32.9%
Single-person households 29.9% 29.2% 34.6%
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 2.9% 3.3% 3.4% 3.7%
Percent Black 30.9% 30.8% 30.5% 29.0%
Percent Hispanic 48.7% 51.0% 53.6% 56.4%
Percent white 14.5% 12.9% 10.9% 8.8%
Racial diversity index 0.65 0.63 0.61 0.59
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 5.7 5.8 6.5
Median household income (2021$) $45,600 $41,710 $39,520 $43,540
Median household income, homeowners (2021$) $82,230 $81,260 $91,430
Median household income, renters (2021$) $34,410 $32,860 $35,630
Poverty rate 30.7% 29.1% 30.2% 26.4%
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 22.6% 22.5% 25.2%
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 41.3% 43.0% 37.1%
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 58.0% 58.7% 59.2%
Population aged 25+ with a bachelor's degree or higher 14.6% 16.4% 16.9% 20.4%
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 31.6% 30.8% 25.6%
Unemployment rate 14.32% 11.76% 15.76% 9.07%

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 19.5% 21.5% 18.8% 18.9%
Housing units 506,396 512,024 537,197
Rental vacancy rate 3.7% 2.0%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 127.5 114.2 161.2 113.5 158.8
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.1% 5.7%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 608.9 502.2 523.4 334.7 554.8
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 10.4 14.7 23.0 11.1 4.7 4.9
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 841 1,223 1,982 930 402 422
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 618 930 1,416 407 159 137
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 160 236 444 492 226 261
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 72.8 39.0 29.3
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 5,923 3,165 2,379
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 133 22 140
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.9% 40.4% 24.6% 28.9%
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 34.2% 1.0% 10.0% 6.0%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 39.5% 3.1% 4.1% 1.4%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 40.4 14.6 17.8 15.0
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 47.5% 18.5% 40.3% 38.6%
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 10.8% 41.9% 14.6% 14.4%
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 46.9 11.3 12.3 24.3
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 754 1,298 484 655 579 801
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 1,433 3,093 910 1,176 957 1,256
Sales volume, 5+ family building 176 354 202 115 91 159
Sales volume, condominium 322 892 377 465 293 417
Sales volume, all property types 2,685 5,637 1,973 2,411 1,920 2,633
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2021$) $533,480 $424,750 $520,690 $551,710 $575,000
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2021$) $298,000 $228,340 $297,300 $320,280 $331,080
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2021$) $102,640 $80,990 $176,540 $159,280 $153,890
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2021$) $176,150 $266,980 $238,540 $258,290 $266,000
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 206.1 167.7 232.5 251.5 265.9
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 205.6 154.0 245.0 260.4 270.4
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 257.6 202.0 571.7 498.2 465.2
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 297.5 302.1 408.6 418.1 443.5
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 220.5 176.5 272.6 286.5 299.3
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 3,632
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 78
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 21,490
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 269
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 18,795
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 833
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 55,150
Public Housing (properties) 156
Public Housing (units) 55,317
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 86
Mitchell-Lama (units) 31,227
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 499
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 18,941
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 587
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 34,104
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 1,486
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (properties) 120
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (units) 5,983
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (properties) 326
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (units) 18,981
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (properties) 529
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (units) 57,503

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 32.4 33.0 33.7
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 3,045 3 1,458 6,151 5,723
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 1,390 4,226 4,192 4,317 4,433

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 61.1% 65.8% 69.4% 71.1%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 43.0 40.6 42.9 45.9
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 23.8 16.6 14.3 14.0 15.0 16.4
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 14.0 9.4 7.4 6.9 7.9 8.7
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 9.8 7.2 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.7
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 36.0%
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 33.1%

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2021$) $1,210 $1,330
Median rent, all (2021$) $990 $1,090 $1,180 $1,290
Median rent, recent movers (2021$) $1,260 $1,450
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2021$) $1,060 $1,160
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 12.6% 15.9%
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 81.0% 85.8%
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 98.3% 98.7%
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 21.8% 24.6% 27.3%
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 28.7% 30.1%
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 5.8% 5.7%
Severely rent-burdened households 27.2% 31.8% 34.3%
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 40.8% 42.3%
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.3% 0.2%
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 14.8% 13.8% 13.4%
Public housing (% of rental units) 9.9%
DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 1,418,207 people in The Bronx, of which 3.7% of the population identified as Asian, 29.0% identified as Black, 56.4% identified as Hispanic, and 8.8% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of The Bronx in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (28.5%) of households was <= $20,000. In 2000, the same household income group had the largest share as well, with a slightly lower share of 25.6%.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in The Bronx in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $43,540, about 40% less than citywide median household income ($72,930). The poverty rate in The Bronx was 26.4% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in The Bronx was 26.4% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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The rent distribution shows the share of apartments by their size (according to the number of bedrooms), and then for each apartment size in the community district, the share of apartments according to their monthly gross rent. This distribution compares 5-year ACS figures from 2010 to 5-year ACS figures from 2019. This is a new figure made for the 2021 State of the City report.

Graph showing the distribution of rents in The Bronx in both 2010 and 2015-2019.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in The Bronx increased from $1,090 in 2006 to $1,290 in 2019. In 2019, 34.3% of renter households in The Bronx were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 85.8% of the rental units were affordable at 80% Area Median Income, 5 percentage points higher than the share in 2010. 9.9% of rental units were public housing rental units, as of 2021. The overall rental vacancy rate in The Bronx was 2.0% in 2019.

Real median gross rent in The Bronx increased from $1,110 in 2007 to $1,290 in 2019.
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9.9% of the rental units in The Bronx are public housing rental units in 2021.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in The Bronx was 18.9%, lower than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 0.1 percentage points since 2010. In 2020, the home purchase loan rate was 15.0 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 24.3 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in The Bronx, 6.0% and 1.4% were high cost loans, respectively. 422 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in The Bronx in 2021. There were 4.9 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 4.9 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in The Bronx in 2021.
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 4,433 residential units in new buildings in The Bronx in 2020, 116 more than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 4,433 residential units in new buildings in The Bronx last year, 116 more than the number of units certified in 2019.
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Over the last decade, 31,125 units in 4+ unit buildings were built in The Bronx. 25% were market rate, compared to 70% low-income. We use data from a variety of sources to count the number of income-restricted units targeted to households earning between 80% and 165% of AMI. However, due to restricted availability of granular data our calculations of income-restricted units should be read as conservative estimates. Read more about our methdology in the technical appendix of the 2021 Focus Report.

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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 16.4 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 16.4 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Data Notes: See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all boroughs for which the indicator can be calculated.