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South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens BK09

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Neighborhood Indicators

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Population
Born in New York State 43.6% 45.6% 47.2%
Disabled population 7.0% 4.5%
Foreign-born population 47.9% 46.5% 44.4% 35.0%
Population 112,670 110,333 107,419 106,258
Population aged 65+ 9.7% 10.2% 11.1% 14.0%
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 42.2% 34.7% 34.4% 21.9%
Single-person households 31.5% 32.9% 35.3%
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.8% 0.9% 1.8% 2.1%
Percent Black 79.0% 74.8% 75.2% 57.2%
Percent Hispanic 8.2% 8.4% 6.5% 12.2%
Percent white 8.6% 14.0% 14.9% 25.3%
Racial diversity index 0.36 0.41 0.41 0.59
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 4.6 5.0 4.4
Median household income (2021$) $50,040 $45,230 $47,080 $70,090
Median household income, homeowners (2021$) $75,570 $79,130 $102,150
Median household income, renters (2021$) $41,180 $40,770 $64,240
Poverty rate 24.0% 22.3% 25.6% 17.9%
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 18.4% 19.2% 20.6%
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 32.3% 36.7% 30.1%
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 63.6% 66.6% 66.3%
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 21.5% 18.3% 11.1%
Unemployment rate 13.59% 11.31% 20.20% 4.46%

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 15.0% 17.4% 15.1% 17.0%
Housing units 42,414 41,681 48,952
Rental vacancy rate 2.8% 3.2%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 125.2 119.3 170.5 145.4 193.0
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.4% 4.0%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 623.4 550.2 663.4 494.5 678.1
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 11.8 16.6 33.3 14.9 6.4 9.3
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 88 106 215 97 48 73
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 45 77 123 37 14 18
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 16 14 65 50 25 40
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 66.4 35.5 26.1
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 389 217 162
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 7 2 1
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 2.2% 29.3% 1.1% 3.8%
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 36.4% 3.3% 1.1% 0.0%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 39.8% 5.0% 3.5% 0.6%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 35.2 15.7 22.7 15.7
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 76.6% 8.9% 70.3% 67.7%
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 6.6% 59.3% 4.9% 3.8%
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 66.4 15.2 20.9 40.5
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 56 68 37 21 24 41
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 79 148 41 51 40 64
Sales volume, 5+ family building 17 51 19 10 9 11
Sales volume, condominium 19 60 26 24 48 113
Sales volume, all property types 171 327 123 106 121 229
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2021$) $844,330 $746,340 $1,366,080 $1,698,260 $1,640,000
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2021$) $331,350 $216,420 $512,280 $683,180 $502,500
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2021$) $112,750 $127,420 $281,320 $187,260 $172,930
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2021$) $503,620 $508,050 $651,510 $671,560 $699,000
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 229.4 229.3 453.8 495.7 539.2
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 233.4 184.9 471.1 504.9 419.3
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 221.2 253.8 737.5 598.8 509.4
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 129.9 107.2 158.9 167.4 190.9
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 215.5 202.8 414.7 425.4 427.2
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 141
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 8
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 113
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 29
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 709
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 23
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 1,242
Public Housing (properties) 1
Public Housing (units) 230
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 4
Mitchell-Lama (units) 1,016
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 92
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 2,048
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 4
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 190
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 69
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (properties) 19
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (units) 522
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (properties) 4
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (units) 272
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (properties) 20
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (units) 1,342

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 64.6 62.9 62.2
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 24 3 104 517 677
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 40 263 39 235 334

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 76.5% 78.5% 79.4% 86.4%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 46.4 42.3 41.9 46.7
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 16.7 14.7 11.2 10.1 9.3
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 9.5 8.7 6.3 5.4 4.9
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 7.2 5.9 4.9 4.7 4.4
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 42.7%
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 42.6%

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2021$) $1,280 $1,560
Median rent, all (2021$) $1,070 $1,170 $1,260 $1,510
Median rent, recent movers (2021$) $1,320 $1,790
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2021$) $1,130 $1,300
Change in collected rent (2019-2020) -1.5%
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 5.0% 9.1%
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 70.9% 60.1%
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 97.8% 92.5%
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 26.0% 23.6% 25.1%
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 32.6% 31.5%
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 6.3% 15.0%
Severely rent-burdened households 25.2% 30.0% 30.3%
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 45.1% 45.9%
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 0.0%
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 3.4% 3.2% 3.0%
Public housing (% of rental units) 0.8%
DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 106,258 people in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens, of which 2.1% of the population identified as Asian, 57.2% identified as Black, 12.2% identified as Hispanic, and 25.3% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (24.7%) of households was $60,001 - $100,000. In 2000, the same household income group had the largest share as well, with a slightly lower share of 20.6%.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $70,090, about 4% less than citywide median household income ($72,930). The poverty rate in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens was 17.9% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens was 17.9% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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The rent distribution shows the share of apartments by their size (according to the number of bedrooms), and then for each apartment size in the community district, the share of apartments according to their monthly gross rent. This distribution compares 5-year ACS figures from 2010 to 5-year ACS figures from 2019. This is a new figure made for the 2021 State of the City report.

Graph showing the distribution of rents in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens in both 2010 and 2015-2019.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens increased from $1,170 in 2006 to $1,510 in 2019. In 2019, 30.3% of renter households in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 60.1% of the rental units were affordable at 80% Area Median Income, 11 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 0.8% of rental units were public housing rental units, as of 2021. The overall rental vacancy rate in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens was 3.2% in 2019.

Real median gross rent in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens increased from $1,180 in 2007 to $1,510 in 2019.
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0.8% of the rental units in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens are public housing rental units in 2021.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens was 17.0%, lower than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 1.9 percentage points since 2010. In 2020, the home purchase loan rate was 15.7 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 40.5 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens, 0.0% and 0.6% were high cost loans, respectively. 73 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens in 2021. There were 9.3 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 9.3 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens in 2021
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 334 residential units in new buildings in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens in 2020, 99 more than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 334 residential units in new buildings in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens last year, 99 more than the number of units certified in 2019.
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Over the last decade, 2,803 units in 4+ unit buildings were built in South Crown Heights/Lefferts Gardens. 57% were market rate, compared to 36% low-income. We use data from a variety of sources to count the number of income-restricted units targeted to households earning between 80% and 165% of AMI. However, due to restricted availability of granular data our calculations of income-restricted units should be read as conservative estimates. Read more about our methdology in the technical appendix of the 2021 Focus Report.

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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 9.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 9.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Data Notes: See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level