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Mott Haven/Melrose BX01

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Neighborhood Indicators

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Population
Born in New York State 56.8% 55.6% 59.6%
Disabled population 18.4% 18.2%
Foreign-born population 23.9% 24.3% 27.7% 26.3%
Population 130,448 137,900 156,790 146,824
Population aged 65+ 7.5% 7.5% 8.1% 10.6%
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 50.6% 46.4% 50.1% 32.0%
Single-person households 30.0% 25.0% 39.7%
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.4% 0.9% 1.0% 0.5%
Percent Black 24.5% 27.4% 29.2% 27.7%
Percent Hispanic 72.5% 69.3% 66.8% 68.3%
Percent white 1.3% 1.5% 2.0% 2.6%
Racial diversity index 0.41 0.44 0.47 0.46
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 5.6 5.3 6.9
Median household income (2021$) $28,900 $23,630 $25,300 $26,350
Median household income, homeowners (2021$) $67,560 $91,720 $87,340
Median household income, renters (2021$) $21,980 $23,430 $22,970
Poverty rate 45.5% 43.2% 41.1% 39.6%
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 40.8% 31.4% 40.2%
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 56.3% 54.1% 54.1%
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 47.8% 49.2% 52.7%
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 48.2% 43.1% 29.8%
Unemployment rate 23.63% 14.92% 19.04% 11.29%

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 7.4% 7.6% 7.6% 8.7%
Housing units 46,646 50,507 56,443
Rental vacancy rate 5.4% 1.7%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 113.3 86.1 114.5 87.9 110.0
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.2% 4.5%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 524.3 365.1 365.4 253.6 405.5
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 16.5 12.9 28.9 13.7 4.0 4.0
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 29 31 73 33 13 10
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 23 24 51 13 4 5
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 1 3 13 18 5 4
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 69.7 31.3 31.2
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 157 70 70
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 4 0 0
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 2.1% 68.9% 25.7% 16.4%
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 43.6% 2.2% 9.5% 4.9%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 41.3% 0.0% 1.4% 2.8%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 47.3 8.7 13.6 11.1
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 99.2% 11.1% 100.0% 100.0%
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 3.2% 100.0% 9.6% 23.3%
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 50.5 5.8 13.0 19.7
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 12 27 8 7 9 18
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 29 93 20 35 21 30
Sales volume, 5+ family building 24 27 13 6 5 16
Sales volume, condominium 1 21 7 31 28 32
Sales volume, all property types 66 168 48 79 63 96
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2021$) $421,170 $375,500 $483,380 $444,260 $612,500
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2021$) $269,300 $148,410 $294,230 $369,360 $357,500
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2021$) $114,780 $74,160 $254,830 $234,450 $175,900
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2021$) $231,780 $263,340 $332,060 $353,860 $347,500
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 235.1 420.0 296.3 310.8
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 261.5 129.1 335.6 286.8 314.8
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 370.4 316.6 1,219.7 1,259.9 822.3
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 152.0 184.6 246.0 291.0 271.6
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 300.0 191.9 442.3 442.7 425.9
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 534
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 6
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 687
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 27
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 2,807
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 103
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 9,642
Public Housing (properties) 20
Public Housing (units) 11,674
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 4
Mitchell-Lama (units) 943
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 44
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 3,066
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 84
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 6,467
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 241
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (properties) 15
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (units) 831
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (properties) 31
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (units) 2,148
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (properties) 69
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (units) 7,871

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 28.1 31.9 29.9
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 240 0 485 1,446 1,447
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 124 530 550 535 779

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 74.5% 79.5% 85.9%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 41.3 43.0 42.6
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 21.2 17.7 24.2 25.1 23.7
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 10.5 8.0 11.4 12.6 11.5
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 10.7 9.7 12.8 12.4 12.2
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 36.2%
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 29.5%

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2021$) $910 $1,040
Median rent, all (2021$) $610 $810 $850 $1,040
Median rent, recent movers (2021$) $1,010 $1,050
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2021$) $750 $810
Change in collected rent (2019-2020) -2.4%
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 23.4% 36.1%
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 92.2% 91.6%
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 99.3% 99.6%
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 23.0% 25.6% 31.4%
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 27.1% 29.5%
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 2.3% 4.5%
Severely rent-burdened households 24.8% 32.2% 33.5%
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 35.1% 38.3%
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 0.0%
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 15.8% 17.7% 17.4%
Public housing (% of rental units) 27.5%
DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 146,824 people in Mott Haven/Melrose, of which 0.5% of the population identified as Asian, 27.7% identified as Black, 68.3% identified as Hispanic, and 2.6% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of Mott Haven/Melrose in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (42.1%) of households was <= $20,000. In 2000, the same household income group had the largest share as well, with a slightly lower share of 39.4%.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in Mott Haven/Melrose in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $26,350, about 64% less than citywide median household income ($72,930). The poverty rate in Mott Haven/Melrose was 39.6% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in Mott Haven/Melrose was 39.6% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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The rent distribution shows the share of apartments by their size (according to the number of bedrooms), and then for each apartment size in the community district, the share of apartments according to their monthly gross rent. This distribution compares 5-year ACS figures from 2010 to 5-year ACS figures from 2019. This is a new figure made for the 2021 State of the City report.

Graph showing the distribution of rents in Mott Haven/Melrose in both 2010 and 2015-2019.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Mott Haven/Melrose increased from $810 in 2006 to $1,040 in 2019. In 2019, 33.5% of renter households in Mott Haven/Melrose were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 91.6% of the rental units were affordable at 80% Area Median Income, 1 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 27.5% of rental units were public housing rental units, as of 2021. The overall rental vacancy rate in Mott Haven/Melrose was 1.7% in 2019.

Real median gross rent in Mott Haven/Melrose increased from $800 in 2007 to $1,040 in 2019.
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27.5% of the rental units in Mott Haven/Melrose are public housing rental units in 2021.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in Mott Haven/Melrose was 8.7%, lower than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 1.1 percentage points since 2010. In 2020, the home purchase loan rate was 11.1 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 19.7 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Mott Haven/Melrose, 4.9% and 2.8% were high cost loans, respectively. 10 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Mott Haven/Melrose in 2021. There were 4.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 4.0 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Mott Haven/Melrose in 2021
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 779 residential units in new buildings in Mott Haven/Melrose in 2020, 244 more than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 779 residential units in new buildings in Mott Haven/Melrose last year, 244 more than the number of units certified in 2019.
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Over the last decade, 5,319 units in 4+ unit buildings were built in Mott Haven/Melrose. 17% were market rate, compared to 81% low-income. We use data from a variety of sources to count the number of income-restricted units targeted to households earning between 80% and 165% of AMI. However, due to restricted availability of granular data our calculations of income-restricted units should be read as conservative estimates. Read more about our methdology in the technical appendix of the 2021 Focus Report.

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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 23.7 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 23.7 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Data Notes: Community districts BX01 and BX02 both fall within sub-borough area 101. Data reported at the sub-borough level are identical. See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.