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State of the City 2019

Jamaica/Hollis QN12

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 241,539 people in Jamaica/Hollis, with 13.3% of the population identified as Asian, 62.3% identified as black, 14.7% identified as Hispanic, and 2.2% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $65,290, about 1% more than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 13.1% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

The poverty rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 13.1% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Jamaica/Hollis increased from $1,170 in 2006 to $1,360 in 2018. In 2018, 30.9% of renter households in Jamaica/Hollis were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 81.9% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 15 percentage points higher than the share in 2010. 5.4% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 2.7%.

Real median gross rent in Jamaica/Hollis increased from $1,170 in 2006 to $1,360 in 2018.
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5.4% of the rental units in Jamaica/Hollis are public housing rental units in 2018.
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 50.1%, higher than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 3.8 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 24.6 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 15.9 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Jamaica/Hollis, 97.9% and 95.7% were high cost loans, respectively. 876 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Jamaica/Hollis in 2019. There were 23.7 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 23.7 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Jamaica/Hollis in 2019.
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Development

In 2019, there were 299 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 5.7% of total new units in Queens, and 1.1% of the citywide total, in Jamaica/Hollis. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 337 residential units in new buildings in Jamaica/Hollis last year, 475 less than the number of units certified in 2018.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `337 residential units in new buildings in Jamaica/Hollis last year, `475 less than the number of units certified in 2018.
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 37.2% of 4th grade students attending schools in Jamaica/Hollis performed at grade level in math, compared to 55.7% in Queens, and 49.4% citywide; 44.4% of Jamaica/Hollis 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 54.5% in Queens, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 12.0 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 12.0 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Neighborhood Indicators: QN12 Jamaica/Hollis

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 47.9% 46.2% 50.7% 19
Disabled population 8.6% 8.2% 18
Foreign-born population 34.2% 40.8% 42.3% 41.7% 30 19
Population 218,993 216,115 222,074 241,539
Population aged 65+ 11.3% 11.3% 11.2% 14.2% 24 26
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 44.9% 42.3% 42.0% 37.4% 12 10
Single-person households 23.7% 21.1% 23.8% 42
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 4.7% 10.4% 9.2% 13.3% 32 23
Percent Black 72.7% 69.1% 62.5% 62.3% 7 4
Percent Hispanic 13.6% 13.6% 21.4% 14.7% 38 38
Percent white 2.1% 1.8% 1.6% 2.2% 49 54
Racial diversity index 0.45 0.49 0.55 0.57 41 33
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 3.8 4.4 4.1 50
Median household income (2019$) $62,230 $61,640 $57,470 $65,290 24 24
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $78,080 $83,350 $89,210 37
Median household income, renters (2019$) $45,820 $41,080 $48,430 31
Poverty rate 17.0% 10.1% 18.8% 13.1% 33 35
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 11.9% 17.0% 15.2% 36
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 13.0% 28.2% 15.9% 35
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 65.7% 65.2% 64.2% 23
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 22.6% 21.1% 17.9% 24
Unemployment rate 10.87% 9.94% 15.49% 7.05% 19 13

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 50.6% 55.7% 46.3% 50.1% 8 9
Housing units 72,466 76,142 80,667 8
Rental vacancy rate 4.2% 2.7% 31
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 52.0 67.0 45.0 53.8 32
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.4% 4.9% 20
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 245.5 272.0 215.1 200.1 33
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 23.0 33.9 41.3 26.0 10 2
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 818 1,227 1,519 951 1 1
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 618 993 1,096 387 1 1
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 173 215 396 554 1 1
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 133.8 121.7 1
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 4,846 4,410 1
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 177 48 213 1
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.1% 84.7% 50.0% 3
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 3.0%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 6.7%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 65.9 20.4 24.6 9
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 25.9% 25.0% 25.2% 32
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 2.0% 16.1% 11.6% 15
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 107.8 11.0 15.9 14
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 1,019 2,160 925 1,028 5 2
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 502 1,305 676 590 7 1
Sales volume, 5+ family building 3 16 10 5 51 52
Sales volume, all property types 1,525 3,486 1,628 1,631 7 3
Sales volume, condominium 1 5 17 8 48 51
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $269,890 $496,990 $318,950 $465,000 44 46
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $163,210 $344,690 $204,490 $301,250 37 43
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $77,470 $121,320 $94,460 $132,140 24 55
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $123,700 $256,280 $311,090 $305,000 47 50
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 223.9 140.1 226.4 1 45
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 236.8 137.6 238.5 1 41
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 218.6 189.8 277.0 1 51
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 228.0 139.0 230.7 1 55
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 221.2 206.3 316.8 1 24
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 63 30
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 0 45
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 0 39
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 7 25
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 740 25
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 11 28
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 921 34
Public Housing (properties) 12 18
Public Housing (units) 2,529 24
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 2 27
Mitchell-Lama (units) 6,075 4
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 20 33
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 524 36
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 8 25
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 419 31
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 21 31
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 3 31
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 88 39
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 8 23
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 6,576 2
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 7 30
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 743 30

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 23.2 23.9 26.0 41
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 218 1,067 51 789 299 23 30
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 250 689 687 812 337 15 23

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 53.2% 55.9% 54.7% 49.4% 41 48
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 49.3 48.8 47.5 47.5 2 8
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 17.2 16.6 11.9 12.0 23
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.1 9.6 6.2 6.2 26
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 6.1 7.0 5.7 5.8 16
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 41.5% 44.4% 36
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 32.4% 37.2% 44

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $1,360 $1,480 35
Median rent, all (2019$) $1,070 $1,170 $1,270 $1,360 28 38
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,400 $1,480 40
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $980 $1,140 42
Median rent, asking $2,000 29
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 6.8% 6.9% 17
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 66.7% 81.9% 11
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 98.7% 99.5% 10
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 26.8% 22.4% 25.5% 26
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 31.5% 33.2% 13
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 11.2% 7.6% 44
Severely rent-burdened households 23.1% 30.9% 30.9% 29 25
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 43.7% 43.3% 37
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 1.2% 0.0% 33
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 6.0% 3.5% 30
Public housing (% of rental units) 5.4% 28

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.