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Jamaica/Hollis QN12

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Neighborhood Indicators

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Population
Born in New York State 47.9% 46.2% 46.9%
Disabled population 8.6% 6.8%
Foreign-born population 34.2% 40.8% 42.3% 45.1%
Population 218,993 216,115 222,074 241,275
Population aged 65+ 11.3% 11.3% 11.2% 15.1%
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 44.9% 42.3% 42.0% 36.9%
Single-person households 23.7% 21.1% 22.2%
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 4.7% 10.4% 9.2% 14.2%
Percent Black 72.7% 69.1% 62.5% 58.6%
Percent Hispanic 13.6% 13.6% 21.4% 18.0%
Percent white 2.1% 1.8% 1.6% 2.3%
Racial diversity index 0.45 0.49 0.55 0.60
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 3.8 4.4 4.5
Median household income (2021$) $65,400 $64,770 $60,400 $69,090
Median household income, homeowners (2021$) $82,050 $87,590 $95,220
Median household income, renters (2021$) $48,150 $43,170 $50,680
Poverty rate 17.0% 10.1% 18.8% 10.6%
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 11.9% 17.0% 11.4%
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 13.0% 28.2% 13.2%
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 65.7% 65.2% 64.2%
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 22.6% 21.1% 17.0%
Unemployment rate 10.87% 9.94% 15.49% 6.63%

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 50.6% 55.7% 46.3% 50.5%
Housing units 72,466 76,142 80,826
Rental vacancy rate 4.2% 2.6%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 52.0 67.0 54.1 45.0 64.7
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.4% 5.9%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 245.5 272.0 200.9 137.4 262.6
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 23.0 33.9 41.3 23.7 10.1 10.7
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 818 1,227 1,519 876 370 397
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 618 993 1,096 380 129 112
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 173 215 396 477 236 276
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 121.7 65.9 48.3
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 4,410 2,393 1,755
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 177 48 213
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.1% 84.7% 46.2% 48.1%
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 59.8% 3.0% 19.5% 9.3%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 44.9% 6.7% 4.7% 1.3%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 65.9 20.4 24.4 19.8
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 25.9% 16.1% 14.2% 14.9%
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 2.0% 25.0% 10.8% 11.1%
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 107.8 11.0 24.4 39.9
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 1,019 2,160 925 803 559 750
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 502 1,306 677 430 327 354
Sales volume, 5+ family building 3 16 10 10 4 6
Sales volume, condominium 1 5 17 7 2 8
Sales volume, all property types 1,525 3,487 1,629 1,250 892 1,118
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2021$) $530,890 $340,710 $526,010 $547,580 $600,000
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2021$) $368,010 $218,440 $349,400 $351,280 $397,500
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2021$) $129,590 $100,900 $114,720 $130,420 $120,310
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2021$) $273,760 $332,310 $306,320 $337,860 $339,000
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 224.5 141.3 247.2 270.9 283.8
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 240.3 140.7 255.4 291.2 281.0
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 217.7 174.6 233.9 397.8 397.9
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 282.9 271.7 353.5 307.8
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 229.4 140.7 248.4 278.4 282.8
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 90
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 5
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 624
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 9
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 913
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 20
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 1,714
Public Housing (properties) 12
Public Housing (units) 2,529
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 2
Mitchell-Lama (units) 6,075
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 18
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 1,006
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 14
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 951
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 26
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (properties) 5
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (units) 414
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (properties) 6
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (units) 6,345
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (properties) 17
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (units) 1,745

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 23.2 23.9 25.9
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 218 0 47 614 687
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 250 689 687 337 888

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 53.2% 55.9% 54.7% 53.2%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 49.3 48.8 47.5 48.4
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 17.2 16.6 12.3 12.9 12.8
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.1 9.6 6.5 6.9 6.5
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 6.1 7.0 5.9 6.0 6.3
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 44.4%
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 37.2%

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2021$) $1,430 $1,500
Median rent, all (2021$) $1,120 $1,230 $1,340 $1,410
Median rent, recent movers (2021$) $1,470 $1,530
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2021$) $1,030 $1,160
Change in collected rent (2019-2020) -10.0%
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 6.8% 7.5%
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 66.7% 79.8%
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 98.7% 99.4%
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 26.8% 22.4% 25.9%
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 31.5% 32.0%
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 11.2% 6.5%
Severely rent-burdened households 23.1% 30.9% 28.6%
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 43.7% 40.0%
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 1.2% 0.0%
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 6.0% 3.4% 3.2%
Public housing (% of rental units) 4.8%
DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 241,275 people in Jamaica/Hollis, of which 14.2% of the population identified as Asian, 58.6% identified as Black, 18.0% identified as Hispanic, and 2.3% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of Jamaica/Hollis in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (27.3%) of households was $100,001 - $250,000. In 2000, the same household income group had the largest share as well, with a slightly lower share of 26.1%.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in Jamaica/Hollis in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $69,090, about 5% less than citywide median household income ($72,930). The poverty rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 10.6% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 10.6% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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The rent distribution shows the share of apartments by their size (according to the number of bedrooms), and then for each apartment size in the community district, the share of apartments according to their monthly gross rent. This distribution compares 5-year ACS figures from 2010 to 5-year ACS figures from 2019. This is a new figure made for the 2021 State of the City report.

Graph showing the distribution of rents in Jamaica/Hollis in both 2010 and 2015-2019.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Jamaica/Hollis increased from $1,230 in 2006 to $1,410 in 2019. In 2019, 28.6% of renter households in Jamaica/Hollis were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 79.8% of the rental units were affordable at 80% Area Median Income, 13 percentage points higher than the share in 2010. 4.8% of rental units were public housing rental units, as of 2021. The overall rental vacancy rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 2.6% in 2019.

Real median gross rent in Jamaica/Hollis increased from $1,230 in 2007 to $1,410 in 2019.
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4.8% of the rental units in Jamaica/Hollis are public housing rental units in 2021.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in Jamaica/Hollis was 50.5%, higher than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 4.2 percentage points since 2010. In 2020, the home purchase loan rate was 19.8 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 39.9 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Jamaica/Hollis, 9.3% and 1.3% were high cost loans, respectively. 397 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Jamaica/Hollis in 2021. There were 10.7 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 10.7 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Jamaica/Hollis in 2021
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 888 residential units in new buildings in Jamaica/Hollis in 2020, 551 more than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 888 residential units in new buildings in Jamaica/Hollis last year, 551 more than the number of units certified in 2019.
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Over the last decade, 2,763 units in 4+ unit buildings were built in Jamaica/Hollis. 21% were market rate, compared to 54% low-income. We use data from a variety of sources to count the number of income-restricted units targeted to households earning between 80% and 165% of AMI. However, due to restricted availability of granular data our calculations of income-restricted units should be read as conservative estimates. Read more about our methdology in the technical appendix of the 2021 Focus Report.

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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 12.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 12.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Data Notes: See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.