NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

East New York/Starrett City BK05

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 171,170 people in East New York/Starrett City, with 3.2% of the population identified as Asian, 52.8% identified as black, 38.8% identified as Hispanic, and 3.3% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $42,060, about 35% less than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in East New York/Starrett City was 21.7% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in East New York/Starrett City was 21.7% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in East New York/Starrett City increased from $1,090 in 2006 to $1,260 in 2018. In 2018, 32.9% of renter households in East New York/Starrett City were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 86.0% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 5 percentage points higher than the share in 2010. 15.7% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in East New York/Starrett City was 4.9%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in East New York/Starrett City increased from $1,090 in 2006 to $1,260 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

15.7% of the rental units in East New York/Starrett City are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in East New York/Starrett City was 27.3%, lower than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 4.2 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 18.5 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 17.6 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 461 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in East New York/Starrett City in 2018. There were 25.3 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 25.3 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in East New York/Starrett City in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development

In 2019, there were 575 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 6.1% of total new units in Brooklyn, and 2.1% of the citywide total, in East New York/Starrett City. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 529 residential units in new buildings in East New York/Starrett City last year, 425 more than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `529 residential units in new buildings in East New York/Starrett City last year, `425 more than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 38.6% of 4th grade students attending schools in East New York/Starrett City performed at grade level in math, compared to 52.3% in Brooklyn, and 49.4% citywide; 40.1% of East New York/Starrett City 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 51.2% in Brooklyn, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 18.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 18.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: BK05 East New York/Starrett City

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 55.0% 54.3% 54.5% 11
Disabled population 6.8% 6.8% 27
Foreign-born population 33.8% 34.1% 32.9% 35.6% 31 29
Population 146,857 161,064 146,614 171,170
Population aged 65+ 8.3% 7.9% 10.6% 12.2% 48 40
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 50.3% 48.7% 47.0% 37.9% 7 7
Single-person households 23.3% 25.0% 32.0% 22
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 3.9% 6.2% 2.9% 3.2% 35 46
Percent Black 45.7% 45.6% 54.7% 52.8% 11 10
Percent Hispanic 39.1% 38.5% 36.9% 38.8% 14 19
Percent white 6.0% 5.1% 4.7% 3.3% 44 48
Racial diversity index 0.63 0.64 0.56 0.57 19 33
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.1 6.0 5.5 28
Median household income (2019$) $43,060 $35,370 $36,450 $42,060 43 47
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $75,650 $59,340 $76,180 50
Median household income, renters (2019$) $27,400 $29,320 $34,980 44
Poverty rate 31.3% 27.8% 36.0% 21.7% 12 16
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 31.9% 31.5% 26.4% 12
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 32.4% 49.1% 23.8% 22
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 54.2% 51.9% 58.0% 46
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 21.0% 25.2% 17.6% 26
Unemployment rate 15.22% 7.21% 12.29% 5.62% 11 22

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 23.4% 24.8% 23.1% 27.3% 33 34
Housing units 54,000 57,200 66,650 18
Rental vacancy rate 4.8% 4.9% 10
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 94.0 132.7 101.3 131.5 16
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.1% 5.1% 18
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 442.8 431.9 495.2 494.7 15
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 23.7 31.8 52.0 25.3 7 3
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 387 561 939 461 4 5
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 299 454 531 176 5 5
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 57 76 355 261 5 5
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 107.5 90.0 10
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 1,853 1,552 10
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 93 16 55 2
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.2% 62.7% 50.4% 2
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 1.3%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 6.8%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 93.4 25.5 18.5 30
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 89.6% 64.3% 76.6% 8
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 1.5% 24.1% 6.8% 32
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 112.8 9.9 17.6 9
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 271 241 64 94 14 24
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 659 1,375 328 451 2 5
Sales volume, 5+ family building 25 38 13 18 19 29
Sales volume, all property types 957 1,665 521 610 11 22
Sales volume, condominium 2 11 116 47 46 39
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $165,590 $458,750 $327,300 $435,000 55 53
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $134,950 $295,710 $184,130 $280,000 52 46
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $46,390 $114,690 $85,210 $162,670 49 51
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $86,220 $210,780 $223,100 $320,000 49 47
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 230.9 155.0 260.4 1 35
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 250.9 146.7 260.1 1 35
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 209.2 193.9 350.4 1 39
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 248.7 153.1 264.6 1 45
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 97.7 86.4 188.1 1 49
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 417 7
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 5 13
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 447 17
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 29 2
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 8,347 2
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 56 11
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 3,508 16
Public Housing (properties) 28 8
Public Housing (units) 8,080 8
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 9 11
Mitchell-Lama (units) 6,077 3
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 16 39
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 484 40
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 119 5
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 3,077 7
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 164 12
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 9 17
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 693 19
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 20 13
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 523 33
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 56 2
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 9,923 1

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 26.5 24.2 28.2 40
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 392 835 316 972 575 12 15
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 485 679 414 104 529 11 17

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 63.0% 71.1% 76.7% 67.2% 35 36
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 48.2 47.0 42.1 42.3 3 37
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 17.7 16.7 17.6 18.2 7
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 9.4 8.2 9.1 9.4 10
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 8.3 8.4 8.5 8.9 5
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 35.6% 40.1% 43
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 33.5% 38.6% 40

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $1,210 $1,340 43
Median rent, all (2019$) $940 $1,090 $1,180 $1,260 39 42
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,300 $1,270 52
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $960 $1,030 48
Median rent, asking $2,100 24
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 13.7% 18.2% 6
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 81.3% 86.0% 5
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 99.0% 99.5% 10
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 22.8% 21.1% 25.5% 26
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 27.6% 30.1% 33
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 4.8% 6.1% 48
Severely rent-burdened households 27.1% 33.4% 32.9% 13 17
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 41.6% 41.8% 44
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.8% 0.0% 33
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 15.4% 13.4% 7
Public housing (% of rental units) 15.7% 10

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.