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Brooklyn BK

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Neighborhood Indicators

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Population
Born in New York State 50.3% 49.6% 49.5%
Disabled population 6.4% 6.0%
Foreign-born population 37.8% 37.8% 37.8% 35.4%
Population 2,465,326 2,508,820 2,508,340 2,559,903
Population aged 65+ 11.5% 12.0% 11.5% 14.4%
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 38.2% 34.7% 34.2% 29.8%
Single-person households 29.7% 28.2% 27.9%
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 7.5% 9.0% 10.5% 11.9%
Percent Black 34.4% 33.6% 32.2% 29.8%
Percent Hispanic 19.8% 19.8% 19.9% 18.9%
Percent white 34.7% 35.8% 35.6% 36.5%
Racial diversity index 0.72 0.71 0.72 0.73
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 6.3 5.7 6.4
Median household income (2021$) $53,070 $53,500 $51,140 $70,340
Median household income, homeowners (2021$) $90,720 $86,150 $111,320
Median household income, renters (2021$) $39,440 $41,020 $55,400
Poverty rate 25.1% 22.6% 23.0% 17.7%
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 24.2% 20.6% 20.6%
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 32.3% 34.0% 24.5%
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 59.3% 61.6% 63.9%
Population aged 25+ with a bachelor's degree or higher 21.8% 27.9% 28.6% 39.2%
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 22.6% 21.6% 16.2%
Unemployment rate 10.74% 7.38% 10.86% 4.54%

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 27.1% 32.3% 30.2% 29.8%
Housing units 954,382 1,000,000 1,065,363
Rental vacancy rate 4.0% 3.4%
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 71.7 71.0 97.0 82.8 99.8
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 4.4% 4.6%
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 346.0 286.1 368.2 274.7 426.2
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 10.9 14.4 23.2 10.3 4.7 6.1
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 2,789 3,598 6,210 2,804 1,291 1,769
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 1,769 2,677 3,632 1,146 410 490
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 484 568 1,951 1,448 777 1,083
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 48.6 28.0 20.8
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 12,220 7,123 5,362
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 403 82 169
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.6% 21.8% 8.0% 8.2%
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 27.3% 0.9% 5.4% 2.5%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 35.5% 2.8% 3.1% 0.7%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 45.2 22.9 21.2 19.2
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 49.2% 8.9% 30.3% 30.1%
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 3.9% 38.4% 5.6% 5.7%
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 52.0 17.9 19.9 37.7
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 2,622 2,678 1,201 1,249 1,138 1,459
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 5,767 8,292 2,931 2,670 2,299 2,711
Sales volume, 5+ family building 597 1,001 493 356 294 526
Sales volume, condominium 644 2,734 3,068 2,516 2,248 4,261
Sales volume, all property types 9,630 14,705 7,693 6,791 5,979 8,957
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2021$) $629,110 $606,780 $803,880 $842,030 $850,000
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2021$) $350,980 $293,680 $458,250 $490,750 $499,500
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2021$) $125,820 $119,920 $262,710 $258,290 $263,130
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2021$) $647,490 $582,510 $893,210 $837,900 $923,550
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 217.1 189.3 308.6 324.2 334.0
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 241.8 177.2 353.0 376.8 380.6
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 220.4 212.9 551.9 476.8 525.6
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 223.7 200.9 358.7 356.6 369.8
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 231.4 186.3 345.5 352.2 363.5
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 4,140
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 103
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 5,541
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 302
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 22,628
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 774
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 38,647
Public Housing (properties) 192
Public Housing (units) 51,343
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 87
Mitchell-Lama (units) 24,572
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 1,795
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 51,516
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 777
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 23,377
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 1,770
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (properties) 185
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2022 and 2027 (units) 9,193
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (properties) 324
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2028 and 2037 (units) 14,284
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (properties) 481
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2038 and later (units) 37,666

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 36.2 36.2 36.9
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 4,980 27 2,099 10,184 6,241
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 1,611 6,129 7,066 10,264 8,816

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 67.6% 71.3% 74.4% 74.9%
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 43.2 41.4 40.7 43.8
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 22.9 15.8 13.2 10.9 10.8 10.8
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 13.8 9.9 8.0 6.6 6.6 6.6
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 9.1 5.8 5.2 4.3 4.2 4.3
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 51.2%
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 52.3%

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2019 2020 2021
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2021$) $1,330 $1,560
Median rent, all (2021$) $1,080 $1,190 $1,310 $1,560
Median rent, recent movers (2021$) $1,520 $1,940
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2021$) $1,150 $1,350
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 7.7% 7.5%
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 60.5% 49.5%
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 90.0% 82.3%
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 23.3% 24.8% 24.2%
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 30.2% 30.4%
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 16.0% 19.4%
Severely rent-burdened households 26.5% 29.3% 29.4%
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 43.0% 44.4%
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 1.1% 1.6%
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 7.8% 6.3% 6.2%
Public housing (% of rental units) 7.0%
DEMOGRAPHICS

In 2019, there were an estimated 2,559,903 people in Brooklyn, of which 11.9% of the population identified as Asian, 29.8% identified as Black, 18.9% identified as Hispanic, and 36.5% identified as white.

Graph showing the racial and ethnic composition of Brooklyn in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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In 2019, the household income group with the largest share (25.7%) of households was $100,001 - $250,000. In 2000, the household income group with the largest share (21.6%) of households was <= $20,000.

Graph showing the distribution of household income in Brooklyn in both 2000 and 2015-2019.
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Median household income in 2019 was $70,340, about 4% less than citywide median household income ($72,930). The poverty rate in Brooklyn was 17.7% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.

The poverty rate in Brooklyn was 17.7% in 2019 compared to 16.0% citywide.
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The rent distribution shows the share of apartments by their size (according to the number of bedrooms), and then for each apartment size in the community district, the share of apartments according to their monthly gross rent. This distribution compares 5-year ACS figures from 2010 to 5-year ACS figures from 2019. This is a new figure made for the 2021 State of the City report.

Graph showing the distribution of rents in Brooklyn in both 2010 and 2015-2019.
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Brooklyn increased from $1,190 in 2006 to $1,560 in 2019. In 2019, 29.4% of renter households in Brooklyn were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 49.5% of the rental units were affordable at 80% Area Median Income, 11 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 7.0% of rental units were public housing rental units, as of 2021. The overall rental vacancy rate in Brooklyn was 3.4% in 2019.

Real median gross rent in Brooklyn increased from $1,220 in 2007 to $1,560 in 2019.
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7.0% of the rental units in Brooklyn are public housing rental units in 2021.
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Homeowners

In 2019, the homeownership rate in Brooklyn was 29.8%, lower than the citywide share of 31.9%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has decreased by 0.4 percentage points since 2010. In 2020, the home purchase loan rate was 19.2 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 37.7 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. Out of all the first-time home purchase loans and refinance loans in Brooklyn, 2.5% and 0.7% were high cost loans, respectively. 1,769 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Brooklyn in 2021. There were 6.1 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

There were 6.1 mortgage foreclosure notices per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Brooklyn in 2021.
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Development

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 8,816 residential units in new buildings in Brooklyn in 2020, 1,448 less than the number of units certified in 2019.

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 8,816 residential units in new buildings in Brooklyn last year, 1,448 less than the number of units certified in 2019.
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Over the last decade, 70,851 units in 4+ unit buildings were built in Brooklyn. 74% were market rate, compared to 21% low-income. We use data from a variety of sources to count the number of income-restricted units targeted to households earning between 80% and 165% of AMI. However, due to restricted availability of granular data our calculations of income-restricted units should be read as conservative estimates. Read more about our methdology in the technical appendix of the 2021 Focus Report.

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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

The serious crime rate was 10.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

The serious crime rate was 10.8 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2021, compared to 12.2 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
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Data Notes: See CoreData User Guide for more information about indicator definitions and methods.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2019 heading comes from the 2015 – 2019 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all boroughs for which the indicator can be calculated.