NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

Bedford Stuyvesant BK03

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 155,117 people in Bedford Stuyvesant, with 3.2% of the population identified as Asian, 46.0% identified as black, 17.9% identified as Hispanic, and 30.1% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $55,910, about 14% less than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Bedford Stuyvesant was 27.0% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in Bedford Stuyvesant was 27.0% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Bedford Stuyvesant increased from $910 in 2006 to $1,430 in 2018. In 2018, 29.4% of renter households in Bedford Stuyvesant were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 41.3% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 23 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 17.1% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Bedford Stuyvesant was 5.0%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in Bedford Stuyvesant increased from $910 in 2006 to $1,430 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

17.1% of the rental units in Bedford Stuyvesant are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Bedford Stuyvesant was 24.0%, lower than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 3.6 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 21.1 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 17.1 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 263 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Bedford Stuyvesant in 2018. There were 16.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 16.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Bedford Stuyvesant in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development

In 2019, there were 478 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 5.0% of total new units in Brooklyn, and 1.8% of the citywide total, in Bedford Stuyvesant. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 893 residential units in new buildings in Bedford Stuyvesant last year, 37 more than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `893 residential units in new buildings in Bedford Stuyvesant last year, `37 more than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 37.1% of 4th grade students attending schools in Bedford Stuyvesant performed at grade level in math, compared to 52.3% in Brooklyn, and 49.4% citywide; 40.5% of Bedford Stuyvesant 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 51.2% in Brooklyn, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 18.1 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 18.1 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: BK03 Bedford Stuyvesant

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 64.4% 59.0% 58.8% 7
Disabled population 7.9% 7.8% 21
Foreign-born population 18.4% 19.6% 22.2% 19.5% 49 52
Population 121,054 132,087 133,302 155,117
Population aged 65+ 8.8% 9.4% 10.7% 9.9% 45 51
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 45.0% 40.5% 36.1% 28.3% 10 31
Single-person households 33.0% 30.9% 30.8% 26
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 0.8% 2.3% 3.9% 3.2% 50 46
Percent Black 74.9% 67.0% 60.1% 46.0% 6 11
Percent Hispanic 19.0% 18.5% 20.0% 17.9% 29 33
Percent white 2.4% 10.4% 14.6% 30.1% 48 25
Racial diversity index 0.40 0.51 0.58 0.66 46 18
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 8.1 7.1 7.2 10
Median household income (2019$) $35,830 $34,780 $42,710 $55,910 50 33
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $89,550 $94,110 $91,750 35
Median household income, renters (2019$) $22,050 $30,630 $46,660 33
Poverty rate 35.9% 37.7% 30.7% 27.0% 9 11
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 29.2% 27.8% 23.7% 17
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 53.0% 47.0% 40.8% 7
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 57.4% 58.3% 64.8% 18
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 29.4% 23.6% 14.7% 37
Unemployment rate 17.94% 12.79% 12.82% 5.77% 7 20

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 19.2% 26.1% 20.4% 24.0% 40 36
Housing units 50,957 56,935 61,257 26
Rental vacancy rate 6.1% 5.0% 8
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 130.9 103.5 76.2 116.1 19
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.2% 3.9% 26
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 548.0 375.4 393.1 431.3 18
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 34.6 46.6 52.5 16.0 2 11
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 473 671 829 263 3 10
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 301 507 407 112 4 10
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 70 87 310 121 4 14
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 77.3 59.6 21
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 1,125 867 15
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 73 20 29 4
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 1.6% 65.8% 2.1% 26
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 2.2%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 10.9%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 79.9 17.8 21.1 21
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 93.3% 89.3% 66.8% 13
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 4.9% 4.5% 2.5% 46
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 102.7 13.1 17.1 10
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 38 82 17 23 33 37
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 459 1,050 391 402 10 7
Sales volume, 5+ family building 78 110 64 50 2 4
Sales volume, all property types 583 1,498 634 741 19 11
Sales volume, condominium 8 256 162 266 42 16
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $302,880 $616,220 $371,500 $994,500 36 19
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $149,940 $316,170 $184,320 $500,000 42 21
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $45,290 $113,910 $98,370 $307,810 51 16
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $258,470 $484,660 $415,280 $750,000 23 16
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 246.7 113.4 587.7 1 5
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 251.9 144.2 471.6 1 11
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 268.0 205.2 776.8 1 10
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 252.9 153.7 466.0 1 9
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 264.3 251.7 464.6 1 7
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 667 2
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 4 20
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 742 12
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 25 3
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 2,131 10
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 111 3
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 3,338 17
Public Housing (properties) 38 3
Public Housing (units) 9,953 5
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 18 1
Mitchell-Lama (units) 815 30
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 197 3
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 3,356 7
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 158 2
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 2,646 8
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 301 2
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 20 3
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 723 18
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 73 2
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 1,533 13
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 33 12
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 2,120 20

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 57.5 58.0 67.5 10
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 125 778 251 619 478 33 20
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 94 816 344 856 893 27 9

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 73.4% 74.8% 80.6% 80.5% 19 19
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 44.7 40.0 39.6 42.2 17 38
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 22.6 21.1 17.8 18.1 8
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.2 10.8 10.0 10.6 7
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 11.4 10.2 7.8 7.5 12
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 44.4% 40.5% 42
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 37.3% 37.1% 45

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $1,090 $1,340 43
Median rent, all (2019$) $810 $910 $1,100 $1,430 50 28
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,370 $1,980 14
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $990 $1,220 34
Median rent, asking $1,900 $2,500 15
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 9.7% 8.5% 13
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 63.9% 41.3% 32
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 97.0% 89.3% 32
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 21.8% 24.1% 27.0% 13
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 26.4% 28.4% 39
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 17.2% 29.2% 14
Severely rent-burdened households 28.8% 32.4% 29.4% 10 33
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 43.8% 42.5% 39
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.0% 2.4% 14
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 12.6% 7.8% 18
Public housing (% of rental units) 17.1% 6

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.