NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights BK10

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 125,200 people in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights, with 22.9% of the population identified as Asian, 2.9% identified as black, 21.6% identified as Hispanic, and 50.2% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $73,600, about 13% more than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 15.9% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 15.9% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights increased from $1,270 in 2006 to $1,480 in 2018. In 2018, 30.5% of renter households in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 68.0% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 3 percentage points higher than the share in 2010. None of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 6.5%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights increased from $1,270 in 2006 to $1,480 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

None of the rental units in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 44.3%, higher than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 7.4 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 19.8 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 12.1 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 61 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights in 2018. There were 3.9 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 3.9 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development

In 2019, there were 189 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 2.0% of total new units in Brooklyn, and 0.7% of the citywide total, in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 30 residential units in new buildings in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights last year, 18 more than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `30 residential units in new buildings in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights last year, `18 more than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS

In 2019, 73.3% of 4th grade students attending schools in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights performed at grade level in math, compared to 52.3% in Brooklyn, and 49.4% citywide; 66.3% of Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 51.2% in Brooklyn, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 5.9 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 5.9 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: BK10 Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 56.3% 54.2% 50.7% 19
Disabled population 6.5% 6.8% 27
Foreign-born population 36.5% 36.4% 38.2% 38.8% 24 23
Population 119,871 123,447 137,599 125,200
Population aged 65+ 16.2% 15.8% 13.1% 17.8% 8 14
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 26.3% 27.5% 29.7% 27.2% 46 35
Single-person households 29.9% 30.3% 32.1% 21
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 13.6% 16.7% 24.8% 22.9% 12 12
Percent Black 1.1% 1.7% 0.8% 2.9% 52 45
Percent Hispanic 10.8% 15.6% 14.0% 21.6% 41 29
Percent white 69.5% 65.1% 56.8% 50.2% 8 13
Racial diversity index 0.49 0.52 0.60 0.65 37 19
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 4.5 4.5 5.9 24
Median household income (2019$) $67,580 $69,440 $55,860 $73,600 19 18
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $94,510 $82,580 $102,170 21
Median household income, renters (2019$) $57,340 $47,850 $57,700 17
Poverty rate 13.9% 13.7% 15.3% 15.9% 40 27
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 14.6% 15.5% 16.5% 34
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 18.9% 22.6% 21.3% 24
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 61.2% 60.8% 61.3% 35
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 17.6% 23.0% 16.5% 31
Unemployment rate 6.06% 8.14% 9.15% 3.61% 45 50

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 33.6% 40.0% 36.9% 44.3% 18 14
Housing units 51,436 54,709 53,098 37
Rental vacancy rate 3.8% 6.5% 4
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 19.3 22.9 24.0 42.2 37
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.3% 6.5% 9
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 106.0 102.4 139.6 168.3 38
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 2.1 2.4 5.2 3.9 53 44
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 35 37 80 61 42 32
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 20 24 54 25 45 34
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 9 10 23 33 35 32
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 22.7 18.8 44
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 336 278 33
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 1 0 0 45
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 6.2% 0.5% 36
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 0.4%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 2.1%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 33.7 20.5 19.8 27
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 14.0% 10.2% 13.8% 39
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 4.4% 9.5% 7.5% 30
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 24.2 19.6 12.1 22
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 199 172 135 171 17 18
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 229 250 145 209 26 25
Sales volume, 5+ family building 16 26 28 13 32 35
Sales volume, all property types 502 534 367 435 26 34
Sales volume, condominium 58 86 59 42 22 40
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $492,550 $802,140 $738,450 $980,000 13 21
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $254,150 $417,220 $397,630 $565,000 10 18
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $86,920 $156,830 $148,640 $250,000 19 26
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $326,880 $584,960 $408,990 $655,840 16 21
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 200.4 208.3 306.2 1 24
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 199.6 194.1 338.0 1 19
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 140.1 195.2 707.1 1 14
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 195.4 202.4 326.7 1 24
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 126.4 99.0 141.5 1 52
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 11 49
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 1 38
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 86 33
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 2 43
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 558 31
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 2 45
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 558 39
Public Housing (properties) 0 42
Public Housing (units) 0 42
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 3 26
Mitchell-Lama (units) 1,369 21
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 7 50
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 49 53
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 1 43
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 558 27
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 2 52
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 0 47
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 0 44
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 3 38
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 897 27
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 2 46
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 558 37

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 32.1 35.7 32.5 36
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 99 151 10 45 189 42 40
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 90 99 23 12 30 30 57

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 59.4% 64.5% 62.5% 70.3% 37 31
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 41.2 40.9 41.6 46.5 32 15
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 11.0 7.6 6.1 5.9 53
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 8.8 5.8 4.5 4.3 51
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 2.2 1.8 1.5 1.6 52
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 65.5% 66.3% 12
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 69.4% 73.3% 8

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $1,510 $1,630 21
Median rent, all (2019$) $1,160 $1,270 $1,360 $1,480 18 26
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,420 $1,610 34
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $1,170 $1,380 15
Median rent, asking $1,410 $1,880 40
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 1.1% 3.9% 32
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 64.8% 68.0% 17
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 96.2% 97.3% 20
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 20.8% 23.8% 20.3% 48
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 35.8% 27.6% 42
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 18.9% 11.8% 30
Severely rent-burdened households 21.2% 25.8% 30.5% 39 29
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 43.6% 53.8% 7
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 1.0% 0.0% 33
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 1.7% 1.0% 47
Public housing (% of rental units) 0.0% 42

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.