NYU Furman Center

State of New York City’s Housing & Neighborhoods

State of the City 2019

Astoria QN01

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DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2018, there were about 160,871 people in Astoria, with 14.2% of the population identified as Asian, 8.2% identified as black, 24.4% identified as Hispanic, and 49.8% identified as white. Median household income in 2018 was $68,560, about 6% more than citywide median household income ($64,850). The poverty rate in Astoria was 13.9% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.

Poverty Rate, 2018

The poverty rate in Astoria was 13.9% in 2018 compared to 17.3% citywide.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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HOUSING

Renters

Real median gross rent in Astoria increased from $1,290 in 2006 to $1,720 in 2018. In 2018, 22.9% of renter households in Astoria were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). 26.7% of the rental units are affordable at the 80% Area Median Income, 8 percentage points lower than the share in 2010. 13.6% of the rental units are public housing rental units in 2018. The overall rental vacancy rate in Astoria was 2.0%.

Real Median Gross Rent 2006 - 2018 (2019$)

Real median gross rent in Astoria increased from $1,290 in 2006 to $1,720 in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Share of Rental Units Located in New York City Housing Authority Public Housing

13.6% of the rental units in Astoria are public housing rental units in 2018.
Sources: American Community Survey, NYU Furman Center
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Homeowners

In 2018, the homeownership rate in Astoria was 20.2%, lower than the citywide share of 32.8%. The homeownership rate in the neighborhood has increased by 2.1 percentage points since 2010. In 2018, the home purchase loan rate was 15.5 per 1,000 properties (owner-occupied 1-4 family buildings, condominiums, or cooperative apartments) and the refinance loan rate was 8.3 per 1,000 properties in the neighborhood. 50 properties had a filing of mortgage foreclosure in Astoria in 2018. There were 3.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units.

Rate of Mortgage Foreclosure Actions Initiated Per 1,000 1-4 Family Properties and Condominium Units 2000 - 2018

There were 3.0 mortgage foreclosure actions initiated per 1,000 1-4 family properties and condominium units in Astoria in 2018.
Sources: Home Mortgage Disclosure Act, NYU Furman Center
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Development

In 2019, there were 893 units authorized by new residential building permits, which is 17.1% of total new units in Queens, and 3.3% of the citywide total, in Astoria. Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to 972 residential units in new buildings in Astoria last year, 438 less than the number of units certified in 2018.

Units Issued New Certificates of Occupancy, 2000 - 2019

Department of Buildings issued new certificates of occupancy to `972 residential units in new buildings in Astoria last year, `438 less than the number of units certified in 2018.
Sources: Department of Buildings, Department of City Planning, NYU Furman Center
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NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2019, 59.2% of 4th grade students attending schools in Astoria performed at grade level in math, compared to 55.7% in Queens, and 49.4% citywide; 60.4% of Astoria 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 54.5% in Queens, and 49.6% citywide. The serious crime rate was 8.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

Serious Crime Rate Per 1,000 Residents, 2019

The serious crime rate was 8.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2019, compared to 11.3 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.
Sources: New York City Police Department, NYU Furman Center
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Neighborhood Indicators: QN01 Astoria

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Population
Born in New York State 42.3% 40.5% 42.7% 39
Disabled population 5.8% 5.8% 36
Foreign-born population 46.0% 46.2% 44.9% 38.6% 14 24
Population 205,469 190,247 166,666 160,871
Population aged 65+ 10.9% 11.9% 11.7% 13.3% 30 32
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 28.5% 25.3% 23.9% 19.0% 45 49
Single-person households 34.8% 32.8% 36.3% 11
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 12.5% 13.0% 14.5% 14.2% 15 20
Percent Black 10.4% 6.7% 6.9% 8.2% 32 32
Percent Hispanic 27.5% 31.3% 29.2% 24.4% 21 25
Percent white 41.9% 45.8% 46.6% 49.8% 20 14
Racial diversity index 0.72 0.67 0.67 0.67 4 14
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 4.4 4.7 5.4 31
Median household income (2019$) $57,620 $53,080 $53,730 $68,560 28 22
Median household income, homeowners (2019$) $67,550 $70,410 $80,860 42
Median household income, renters (2019$) $50,740 $49,440 $63,300 14
Poverty rate 20.3% 17.2% 19.0% 13.9% 25 33
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 21.1% 13.3% 19.2% 30
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 29.8% 30.2% 20.6% 27
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 65.9% 69.3% 70.4% 8
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 22.2% 19.4% 11.8% 45
Unemployment rate 7.82% 10.12% 13.00% 4.42% 34 41

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 20.0% 20.3% 18.1% 20.2% 39 41
Housing units 81,353 77,318 88,625 7
Rental vacancy rate 2.2% 2.0% 47
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 16.0 10.7 13.0 22.7 52
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.3% 2.8% 41
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 105.4 65.5 82.1 87.4 51
Finance - Distress
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 2.6 4.5 14.2 3.0 46 46
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 45 74 238 50 37 36
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 32 56 200 26 34 32
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 6 10 21 21 43 35
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 22.2 17.7 47
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 353 281 31
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 5 1 5 28
Finance - Lending
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 22.0% 0.0% 42
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 1.0%
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 0.0% 3.1%
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 31.4 16.9 15.5 40
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 36.2% 34.7% 27.0% 31
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 3.6% 7.1% 2.9% 45
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 27.2 12.5 8.3 37
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, 1 family building 93 108 43 68 28 28
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 299 325 134 193 21 26
Sales volume, 5+ family building 69 59 44 40 4 9
Sales volume, all property types 497 656 353 423 27 35
Sales volume, condominium 36 164 132 122 24 23
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building (2019$) $374,850 $694,330 $624,840 $850,000 20 26
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building (2019$) $208,420 $409,160 $340,820 $525,000 21 19
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building (2019$) $83,220 $173,580 $170,410 $304,880 20 18
Median sales price per unit, condominium (2019$) $204,290 $410,140 $403,310 $572,500 31 28
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 238.5 189.5 319.3 1 17
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 240.6 208.3 379.6 1 15
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 285.8 275.7 392.0 1 37
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 246.7 223.7 378.1 1 15
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 308.6 293.3 466.9 1 6
Subsidized Housing
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 61 31
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 0 45
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 0 39
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 7 25
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 655 27
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 7 33
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 1,577 27
Public Housing (properties) 12 18
Public Housing (units) 7,584 10
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 2 27
Mitchell-Lama (units) 379 36
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 232 2
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 4,976 5
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 9 23
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 547 29
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 24 30
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (properties) 2 34
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2020 and 2025 (units) 1,212 11
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (properties) 4 34
Eligible to expire from housing programs between 2026 and 2035 (units) 344 36
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (properties) 6 32
Eligible to expire from housing programs in 2036 and later (units) 636 34

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 36.9 32.3 31.2 37
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 242 819 360 1,097 893 17 6
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 193 397 749 1,410 972 18 7

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 70.9% 77.5% 75.3% 80.8% 24 18
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 36.2 36.3 36.1 41.9 45 40
Crime and Incarceration
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 10.7 10.4 8.4 8.3 41
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 7.6 7.2 5.5 5.5 35
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 3.1 3.2 2.9 2.8 39
Schools
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 61.0% 60.4% 18
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 57.6% 59.2% 21

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2018 2019 Rank (2000) Rank (18/19)
Median Rent
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms (2019$) $1,520 $1,760 10
Median rent, all (2019$) $1,140 $1,290 $1,470 $1,720 21 13
Median rent, recent movers (2019$) $1,640 $2,010 12
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms (2019$) $1,260 $1,600 9
Median rent, asking $1,700 $2,200 22
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 2.6% 2.8% 40
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 34.8% 26.7% 38
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 94.1% 89.5% 31
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 26.3% 25.8% 23.8% 33
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 34.6% 34.0% 8
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 25.3% 29.9% 11
Severely rent-burdened households 20.7% 23.0% 22.9% 42 47
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 40.6% 42.1% 42
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 0.8% 0.3% 24
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 0.8% 0.5% 53
Public housing (% of rental units) 13.6% 12

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2018 heading comes from the 2014 – 2018 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.