New York City Neighborhood Data Profiles

MN10: Central Harlem


DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2016, there were about 143,487 people in Central Harlem, 4.9% of the population identified as Asian in 2016, 52.8% identified as black, 26.7% identified as Hispanic, and 13.3% identified as white. Median household income in 2016 was $46,537, about 21% less than citywide median household income ($58,860). The poverty rate in Central Harlem was 27.2% in 2016 compared to 20.1% citywide.

HOUSING
Real median gross rent in Central Harlem increased from $787 in 2006 to $1,011 in 2016. Median asking rent — rent for units being advertised for lease — in 2016 was $2,150 in Central Harlem, compared to $3,195 in Manhattan and $2,800 citywide. In 2016, 25.6% of renter households in Central Harlem were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). The rental vacancy rate in Central Harlem was 4.7%. In 2016, the homeownership rate in Central Harlem was 11.7%. There were 287 property sales in Central Harlem in 2017. Sales prices for all residential property types decreased by 1% in Central Harlem between 2016 and 2017, compared to an increase of 1% in Manhattan and an increase of 8.3% citywide.

NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2017, 14.2% of 4th grade students attending schools in Central Harlem performed at grade level in math, compared to 50.9% in Manhattan, and 40% citywide; 22.5% of Central Harlem 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 52.2% in Manhattan, and 42% citywide. The serious crime rate was 16.4 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2017, compared to 11.4 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods report »
Community District Data Summary (PDF, 128 KB) »

Neighborhood Indicators: MN10 Central Harlem

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Population
Population 109,091 118,143 126,558 143,487
Race and Ethnicity
Racial diversity index 0.37 0.48 0.59 0.63 50 23
Households
Households with children under 18 years old 34.0% 32.5% 27.8% 24.2% 35 44
Population aged 65+ 11.3% 10.3% 10.5% 10.5% 24 45
Foreign-born population 17.8% 20.8% 19.7% 25.3% 51 44
Income and Poverty
Median household income ($2017) $31,487 $32,859 $39,392 $46,537 52 42
Median household income, homeowners ($2017) $109,632 $123,853 $93,858 18
Median household income, renters ($2017) $29,328 $35,041 $40,159 37
Poverty rate 36.4% 28.7% 28.1% 27.2% 8 13
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 34.0% 27.5% 28.0% 10
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 33.7% 35.8% 42.6% 9
Labor Market
Labor force participation rate 60.7% 56.8% 65.0% 23
Unemployment rate 18.61% 13.43% 15.88% 8.12% 5 18
Population aged 25+ with a bachelor's degree or higher 14.8% 25.6% 34.1% 37.0% 41 21
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 26.3% 21.1% 16.8% 31
Single-person households 46.9% 41.5% 44.3% 7
Born in New York State 57.6% 57.5% 51.9% 15
Percent Asian 0.8% 2.3% 3.5% 4.9% 50 39
Percent black 77.3% 69.5% 58.6% 52.8% 4 9
Percent Hispanic 16.8% 18.4% 23.6% 26.7% 32 23
Percent white 2.1% 6.8% 11.8% 13.3% 49 41
Disabled population 11.8% 10.2% 15
Income diversity ratio 7.5 7.5 7.0 11

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, all property types 118 339 428 262 287 46 43
Sales volume, 1 family building 3 10 5 5 9 52 48
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 51 58 38 34 32 44 47
Sales volume, 5+ family building 47 78 48 38 44 7 7
Sales volume, condominium 17 193 337 185 202 35 14
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building ($2017) $469,006 $1,184,367 $1,694,798 $2,250,000 $2,157,765 14 9
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building ($2017) $194,322 $370,425 $350,581 $897,500 $654,571 24 10
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building ($2017) $46,573 $137,030 $107,910 $257,167 $215,232 48 31
Median sales price per unit, condominium ($2017) $239,936 $572,792 $674,639 $812,000 $877,328 24 12
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 358.2 811.7 1,228.0 460.9 1 5
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 342.8 219.5 749.3 573.7 1 4
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 323.8 284.1 599.5 591.8 1 3
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 287.8 298.9 558.5 562.9 1 2
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 366.2 239.6 719.9 798.8 1 4
Housing Stock
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 52.5 50.5 63.7 71.3 21
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 285.0 243.6 299.5 384.2 19
Finance - Distress
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 35.3 32
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 5,692 47
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 140 43 107 44 38 19 44
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 70.0 8.0 13.2 6.5 5.1 1 38
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 90 22 57 18 16 19 45
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 10 3 7 18 13 31 48
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 2 0 0 0 0 39 38
Housing units 57,994 61,313 65,056 18
Homeownership rate 6.6% 12.2% 13.4% 11.7% 52 47
Rental vacancy rate 4.7% 4.7% 10
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.0% 2.1% 49
Finance - Lending
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 35.5 47.7 23.3 16
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 26.5 10.9 15.0 24
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 14.7% 0.0% 44
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 6.5% 1.3% 0.4% 45
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 29.8% 2.8%
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 92.0% 98.5% 78.0% 10
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 5.1% 6.6% 4.0% 42

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 261 611 4 68 472 15 15
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 87 232 582 250 115 34 39
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 82.6 88.5 100.4 2

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Services
Residential units within 1/2 mile of a subway station 100.0% 1
Residential units within 1/4 mile of a park 96.7% 15
Crime
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 11.1 7.8 8.8 8.0 17
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 11.7 9.0 8.9 8.3 5
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 22.8 16.8 17.6 16.4 11
Schools
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 17.5% 14.2% 57
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 21.0% 22.5% 55
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 81.7% 83.8% 85.0% 89.9% 8 5
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 37.3 35.5 34.7 38.4 42 44

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Median Rent
Median rent, asking $1,845 $2,150 $2,350 19
Rental Subsidy
Public housing (% of rental units) 16.6% 11
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 24.8% 26.4% 26.2% 17
Median rent, all ($2017) $721 $787 $885 $1,011 52 50
Severely rent-burdened households 24.1% 24.1% 25.6% 24 44
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms ($2017) $805 $933 48
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms ($2017) $831 $960 53
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 21.9% 22.7% 4
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 60.5% 47.0% 32
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 87.3% 82.9% 35
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 29.0% 30.2% 22
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 15.5% 26.8% 14
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 33.5% 34.6% 54
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 4.5% 0.6% 26
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 7.6% 6.6% 21

Subsidized Housing

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Federal Programs
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 16 2
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 898 11
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 61 1
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 3,220 5
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 365 1
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 9,138 3
Public Housing (properties) 63 1
Public Housing (units) 7,766 9
Mitchell-Lama
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 6 17
Mitchell-Lama (units) 2,449 13
New York State Property Tax Incentives
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 98 17
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 4,773 10
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 182 1
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 4,338 2
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 358 1
Properties Eligible to Expire from Housing Programs
Eligible between 2018 and 2023 (properties) 58 1
Eligible between 2018 and 2023 (units) 1,135 7
Eligible between 2024 and 2033 (properties) 144 1
Eligible between 2024 and 2033 (units) 3,224 6
Eligible in 2034 and later (properties) 208 1
Eligible in 2034 and later (units) 8,996 4
All Subsidized Properties
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 1,080 1

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2016 heading comes from the 2012– 2016 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.