HOPE VI provided Public Housing Authorities (PHA) with grants for planning and implementation aimed at the comprehensive revitalization of severely distressed public housing developments. Permitted activities under HOPE VI included the funding of major reconstruction, rehabilitation and other physical improvements, provision of new housing, planning and technical assistance, implementation of community service programs and supportive activities, and planning for any of the previous activities. Housing Authorities that received grants were required to provide supportive services for both original and new residents to obtain self-sufficiency. HOPE VI funds were last awarded in 2010; however, HOPE VI projects are still in the process of completion. Public Housing Agencies that received HOPE VI funding typically selected for-profit and non-profit organizations to develop and own the new projects through a competitive process.