The Dream Revisited
Discussion 5: Place-Based Affirmative Action

Discussion 5: Place-Based Affirmative Action

July 2014

The fifth discussion explores proposals to re-imagine affirmative action by focusing on neighborhood disadvantage instead of race.

Essay

  • Place Not Race: Reforming Affirmative Action to Redress Neighborhood Inequality

    by Sheryll Cashin

    Those blessed to come of age in poverty-free havens have access to highly selective K-12 education that sets them up well to enter selective higher education. Those who live outside of advantaged neighborhoods and networks -- as do most African-American and Latino children -- must overcome serious structural disadvantages, including under-resourced schools with less experienced teachers, fewer high-achieving peers that raise expectations and model the habits of success, and exposure to violence.Place locks in advantages and disadvantages that are reinforced over time. Geographic separation of the classes puts affluent, higher opportunity communities in direct competition with lower-opportunity places for finite public and private resources. And affluent jurisdictions are winning.

Discussants

  • Reforming Affirmative Action at Universities Misses Deeper Problem

    by George Galster

    I fundamentally agree with the motivation for Prof. Cashin's critique and the logic of her proposed solution.  Unfortunately, I do not believe that her proposal would do much about the fundamental sources of economic inequality across racial lines, which are the inadequacies of the primary and secondary school systems that most Latino and African American students attend.

  • Race and Place

    by Gerald Torres

    There has to be a new way to approach how our social places are constructed. Where we are from and where we are going are places constructed by law, too. We have to imagine them as a sources of change that facilitate the creation of a political space that can be open to the possibility of democratic richness and where the promise of an open future can take root.

  • Keeping the American Federal State Active: The Imperative of ‘Race-Sensitive’ Policy

    by Desmond King

    Sherryll Cashin's proposal is an imaginative attempt to find a political space between the partisan and policy divisions represented in color-blind and race conscious frameworks, and this sort of pragmatic engagement is to be welcomed. The issue it leaves us to consider however is how to deal with the structural and political forces producing the conditions of segregation which make such middle way schemes necessary in the first place. 

More Discussions

  • Discussion 26: Local Control, Affordable Housing, and Segregation

    This debate explores how local control in land use decision-making may influence the availability of affordable housing and contribute to economic and racial segregation. Featuring four essays from legal scholars, practitioners, and advocates, the new discussion weighs the potential benefits and drawbacks of “scaling up” the zoning process, and moving land use decision-making towards the city, state, or regional level.

    March 2019

  • Discussion 25: Health and Segregation

    The twenty-fifth discussion debates the significance of residential segregation as a social determinant of health and explores potential policy responses.

    October 2017

  • Discussion 24: Policing and Segregation

    The twenty-fourth discussion examines the links between policing practices such as “stop and frisk” and race and class segregation and explores potential policy responses.  

    July 2017

  • Discussion 23: Race, Segregation, and Politics

    The twenty-third discussion explores the impact of persistent racial segregation on political discourse and electoral outcomes in the United States.

    March 2017

  • Discussion 22: The Stubborn Persistence of Racial Segregation

    The twenty-second discussion explores the role of residential choices in sustaining segregation within American cities.

    December 2016

  • Discussion 21: Suburban Poverty & Segregation

    The twenty-first discussion explores the increasing diversity of suburbs and increasing levels of suburban poverty and debates the challenges of supporting poor households’ economic self-sufficiency beyond the central city.

    September 2016

  • Discussion 20: Making Vouchers More Mobile

    The twentieth discussion examines the benefits of defining fair market rent by zip code, to make it easier for families to move to higher-opportunity neighborhoods, and weighs potential unintended costs.

    July 2016

  • Discussion 19: Public Housing and Deconcentrating Poverty

    The nineteenth discussion debates what we should do about high-poverty, distressed public housing developments in light of recent research from the Moving to Opportunity Program about the costs of concentrated poverty.

    May 2016

  • Discussion 18: Segregation & the Financial Crisis

    The eighteenth discussion debates the extent to which segregation exacerbated the unequal effects of the mortgage-driven financial collapse of 2007 and ways to address racial disparities in mortgage lending.

    February 2016

  • Discussion 17: Community Preferences and Fair Housing

    The seventeenth discussion debates the extent to which preferences in neighborhood residents in accessing new affordable housing promote or betray the goal of truly inclusionary communities. 

    November 2015

  • Discussion 16: A New Approach to Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

    The sixteenth discussion reacts to HUD’s renewed commitment to the new requirement of the Fair Housing Act to “affirmatively further fair housing.”

    November 2015

  • Discussion 15: Moving Up or Moving Out

    The fifteenth discussion explores the most effective ways to address concentrated poverty, focusing on policies that target both people and place.

    July 2015

  • Discussion 14: Housing Subsidies & Inclusive Communities

    The fourteenth discussion examines the policy issues underlying Texas vs. The Inclusive Communities Project: how government officials should balance the use of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) allocations to create affordable homes in low-poverty neighborhoods with the use of LIHTC allocations to catalyze economic development in high-poverty neighborhoods.

    June 2015

  • Discussion 13: The Future of the Fair Housing Act

    The thirteenth discussion debates the significant of disparate impact liability under the Fair Housing Act, in light of the Supreme Court's deliberation in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project.

    April 2015

  • Discussion 12: The Poor Door Debate

    The twelfth discussion weighs the controversy about "poor doors" in the context of a debate over the costs and benefits of mixed-income housing in high-cost markets.

    March 2015

  • Discussion 11: Explaining Ferguson Through Place and Race

    The eleventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how metropolitan development patterns shaped by race and class set the stage for the events in Ferguson, MO.

    January 2015

  • Discussion 10: Balancing Investments in People & Place

    The tenth discussion in the Dream Revisited debates the appropriate balance between investments to help low-income households move to neighborhoods that offer greater access to opportunity and investments to improve the quality of life in low-income neighborhoods.

    November 2014

  • Discussion 9: Residential Income Segregation

    The ninth discussion in The Dream Revisited analyzes segregation by income and debates the significance of the increasing isolation of the affluent.

    November 2014

  • Discussion 8: Neighborhoods, Opportunities, and the Housing Choice Voucher Program

    The eighth discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how the federal Housing Choice Voucher program can most effectively improve social, educational, and economic opportunities for voucher recipients. 

    October 2014

  • Discussion 7: Comparative Perspectives on Segregation

    The seventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores what can be learned by looking at racial and economic segregation through a comparative lens. 

    September 2014

  • Discussion 6: Implicit Bias and Segregation

    The sixth discussion explores how implicit bias contributes to residential segregation and whether or not awareness of implicit biases can heighten a sense of moral urgency.

    August 2014

  • Discussion 4: Neighborhood Gentrification

    The fourth discussion explores the relationship between gentrification, neighborhood integration, and public participation.

    May 2014

  • Discussion 3: Ending Segregation: Our Progress Today

    The third discussion in The Dream Revisited asks why we haven't made more progress in reducing segregation. 

    April 2014

  • Discussion 2: Economic Segregation in Schools

    The second discussion on The Dream Revisited explores economic segregation in our schools and argues for its continued relevance today. 

    March 2014

  • Discussion 1: Why Integration?

    The first discussion in The Dream Revisited asks what we mean by "integration" and why it may be a necessary strategy to acheive racial and economic equality.

    January 2014