The Dream Revisited
Discussion 15: Moving Up or Moving Out

Discussion 15: Moving Up or Moving Out

July 2015

The fifteenth discussion explores the most effective ways to address concentrated poverty, focusing on policies that target both people and place.


  • Move Up or Out? Confronting Compounded Deprivation

    by Robert J. Sampson

    The enduring neighborhood effect implies that we need to consider policies that confront the spatial foundations of compounded deprivation. One way to think about potential policy responses is to separate them by units of intervention—individuals or communities. Put in terms commonly used, should ameliorative policies target people or place?


  • We Need a New National Urban Policy

    by Richard Florida

    I agree with Sampson’s conclusion that a two-pronged approach is best. In the short term, it makes sense to both continue and expand existing people-oriented strategies that enable talented kids to get away from the overwhelmingly negative peer and neighborhood effects that they would otherwise be exposed to. But we also need a longer-term strategy that supports much more substantial investments than we are making to improve disadvantaged neighborhoods.

  • Leave No Neighborhood Behind

    by Roseanne Haggerty

    People or place?  Which is the source of persistent poverty and therefore where and how do we intervene? Variations on this question have occupied social scientists and policy makers for a long time, with one, then the other viewpoint moving in and out of favor. In his recent blog post, Move Up or Out?  Confronting Compounded Deprivation Robert Sampson helps us to move past this circular debate and focus on the complex but liberating truth: it’s both.

  • Jobs: The Missing Piece

    by Michael Stoll

    Professor Sampson argues that poverty through compounded deprivation requires a unique policy response that centers on people AND place-based approaches. Although I agree that such a dual focus is sensible, I believe that Sampson somewhat overlooks the need to improve physical and social access to (quality) jobs in addressing compounded deprivation.

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