The Dream Revisited
Discussion 20: Making Vouchers More Mobile

Discussion 20: Making Vouchers More Mobile

July 2016

The twentieth discussion examines the benefits of defining fair market rent by zip code, to make it easier for families to move to higher-opportunity neighborhoods, and weighs potential unintended costs.

Essay

  • Expanding Neighborhood Choices for Voucher Tenants Using Small Area Fair Market Rents

    by Rob Collinson

    Since the Housing Act of 1949 set out the goal of “a decent home and suitable living environment for every American family,” federal low-income housing policy has targeted the dual aims of improving both the physical housing unit quality and the neighborhood environment for low-income families. The Housing Choice Voucher program is expressly designed to give low-income families the choice of a better neighborhood environment. 

Discussants

  • Housing Choice Shouldn’t Be At The Expense of Other Low-Income Renters

    by Rachel Fee

    HUD wants to expand their successful pilot for Small Area Fair Market Rents (SAFMR) to New York City. With promising outcomes in a Dallas demonstration program, HUD proposes new rules for New York City and other regions with high levels of voucher concentration to both encourage and enable voucher holders to move to areas of higher opportunity and lower poverty. This proposal is full of promise and may work well in some localities, but in a high-cost, extremely low-vacancy city like New York, it could have disastrous consequences.
     

  • Small Area FMRs: A Jump-Start to Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

    by Demetria McCain

    While Collinson highlights important research showing that Dallas movers accessed lower poverty areas with better schools and less crime when SAFMRs came to town, his post doesn’t sufficiently emphasize the power of zip-code based subsidies to combat racial segregation and affirmatively further fair housing. 

  • Supporting, Protecting Low Income Residents Is Essential to Ensuring Successful SAFMR Implementation

    by Diane Yentel

    Almost 14 million people live in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty and the number is growing, nearly doubling since the year 2000. The impacts of this trend are felt most within communities of color. Recent research affirms the profound impact of place on the trajectory of our lives, and so it is distressing that so many recipients of HUD subsidized assistance live in neighborhoods of concentrated poverty.

More Discussions

  • Discussion 26: Local Control, Affordable Housing, and Segregation

    This debate explores how local control in land use decision-making may influence the availability of affordable housing and contribute to economic and racial segregation. Featuring four essays from legal scholars, practitioners, and advocates, the new discussion weighs the potential benefits and drawbacks of “scaling up” the zoning process, and moving land use decision-making towards the city, state, or regional level.

    March 2019

  • Discussion 25: Health and Segregation

    The twenty-fifth discussion debates the significance of residential segregation as a social determinant of health and explores potential policy responses.

    October 2017

  • Discussion 24: Policing and Segregation

    The twenty-fourth discussion examines the links between policing practices such as “stop and frisk” and race and class segregation and explores potential policy responses.  

    July 2017

  • Discussion 23: Race, Segregation, and Politics

    The twenty-third discussion explores the impact of persistent racial segregation on political discourse and electoral outcomes in the United States.

    March 2017

  • Discussion 22: The Stubborn Persistence of Racial Segregation

    The twenty-second discussion explores the role of residential choices in sustaining segregation within American cities.

    December 2016

  • Discussion 21: Suburban Poverty & Segregation

    The twenty-first discussion explores the increasing diversity of suburbs and increasing levels of suburban poverty and debates the challenges of supporting poor households’ economic self-sufficiency beyond the central city.

    September 2016

  • Discussion 19: Public Housing and Deconcentrating Poverty

    The nineteenth discussion debates what we should do about high-poverty, distressed public housing developments in light of recent research from the Moving to Opportunity Program about the costs of concentrated poverty.

    May 2016

  • Discussion 18: Segregation & the Financial Crisis

    The eighteenth discussion debates the extent to which segregation exacerbated the unequal effects of the mortgage-driven financial collapse of 2007 and ways to address racial disparities in mortgage lending.

    February 2016

  • Discussion 17: Community Preferences and Fair Housing

    The seventeenth discussion debates the extent to which preferences in neighborhood residents in accessing new affordable housing promote or betray the goal of truly inclusionary communities. 

    November 2015

  • Discussion 16: A New Approach to Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

    The sixteenth discussion reacts to HUD’s renewed commitment to the new requirement of the Fair Housing Act to “affirmatively further fair housing.”

    November 2015

  • Discussion 15: Moving Up or Moving Out

    The fifteenth discussion explores the most effective ways to address concentrated poverty, focusing on policies that target both people and place.

    July 2015

  • Discussion 14: Housing Subsidies & Inclusive Communities

    The fourteenth discussion examines the policy issues underlying Texas vs. The Inclusive Communities Project: how government officials should balance the use of Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) allocations to create affordable homes in low-poverty neighborhoods with the use of LIHTC allocations to catalyze economic development in high-poverty neighborhoods.

    June 2015

  • Discussion 13: The Future of the Fair Housing Act

    The thirteenth discussion debates the significant of disparate impact liability under the Fair Housing Act, in light of the Supreme Court's deliberation in Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs v. The Inclusive Communities Project.

    April 2015

  • Discussion 12: The Poor Door Debate

    The twelfth discussion weighs the controversy about "poor doors" in the context of a debate over the costs and benefits of mixed-income housing in high-cost markets.

    March 2015

  • Discussion 11: Explaining Ferguson Through Place and Race

    The eleventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how metropolitan development patterns shaped by race and class set the stage for the events in Ferguson, MO.

    January 2015

  • Discussion 10: Balancing Investments in People & Place

    The tenth discussion in the Dream Revisited debates the appropriate balance between investments to help low-income households move to neighborhoods that offer greater access to opportunity and investments to improve the quality of life in low-income neighborhoods.

    November 2014

  • Discussion 9: Residential Income Segregation

    The ninth discussion in The Dream Revisited analyzes segregation by income and debates the significance of the increasing isolation of the affluent.

    November 2014

  • Discussion 8: Neighborhoods, Opportunities, and the Housing Choice Voucher Program

    The eighth discussion in The Dream Revisited explores how the federal Housing Choice Voucher program can most effectively improve social, educational, and economic opportunities for voucher recipients. 

    October 2014

  • Discussion 7: Comparative Perspectives on Segregation

    The seventh discussion in The Dream Revisited explores what can be learned by looking at racial and economic segregation through a comparative lens. 

    September 2014

  • Discussion 6: Implicit Bias and Segregation

    The sixth discussion explores how implicit bias contributes to residential segregation and whether or not awareness of implicit biases can heighten a sense of moral urgency.

    August 2014

  • Discussion 5: Place-Based Affirmative Action

    The fifth discussion explores proposals to re-imagine affirmative action by focusing on neighborhood disadvantage instead of race.

    July 2014

  • Discussion 4: Neighborhood Gentrification

    The fourth discussion explores the relationship between gentrification, neighborhood integration, and public participation.

    May 2014

  • Discussion 3: Ending Segregation: Our Progress Today

    The third discussion in The Dream Revisited asks why we haven't made more progress in reducing segregation. 

    April 2014

  • Discussion 2: Economic Segregation in Schools

    The second discussion on The Dream Revisited explores economic segregation in our schools and argues for its continued relevance today. 

    March 2014

  • Discussion 1: Why Integration?

    The first discussion in The Dream Revisited asks what we mean by "integration" and why it may be a necessary strategy to acheive racial and economic equality.

    January 2014