New York City Neighborhood Data Profiles

BK10: Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights


DEMOGRAPHICS
In 2016, there were about 118,804 people in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights, 24.1% of the population identified as Asian in 2016, 1.7% identified as black, 16.0% identified as Hispanic, and 55.8% identified as white. Median household income in 2016 was $67,873, about 15% more than citywide median household income ($58,860). The poverty rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 15.0% in 2016 compared to 20.1% citywide.

HOUSING
Real median gross rent in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights increased from $1,222 in 2006 to $1,467 in 2016. Median asking rent — rent for units being advertised for lease — in 2016 was $2,000 in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights, compared to $2,550 in Brooklyn and $2,800 citywide. In 2016, 30.6% of renter households in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights were severely rent burdened (spent more than 50% of household income on rent). The rental vacancy rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 4.3%. In 2016, the homeownership rate in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights was 42.9%. There were 397 property sales in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights in 2017. Sales prices for all residential property types increased by 17% in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights between 2016 and 2017, compared to an increase of 10% in Brooklyn and an increase of 8.3% citywide.

NEIGHBORHOOD SERVICES AND CONDITIONS
In 2017, 62.6% of 4th grade students attending schools in Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights performed at grade level in math, compared to 41.6% in Brooklyn, and 40% citywide; 60.8% of Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights 4th graders performed at grade level in English language arts, compared to 43.4% in Brooklyn, and 42% citywide. The serious crime rate was 6.6 serious crimes per 1,000 residents in 2017, compared to 11.4 serious crimes per 1,000 residents citywide.

State of New York City’s Housing and Neighborhoods report »
Community District Data Summary (PDF, 104 KB) »

Neighborhood Indicators: BK10 Bay Ridge/Dyker Heights

Demographics

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Labor Market
Unemployment rate 6.06% 8.18% 9.18% 6.81% 45 26
Population aged 25+ with a bachelor's degree or higher 30.6% 35.5% 32.7% 40.4% 13 17
Population aged 25+ without a high school diploma 17.6% 23.0% 18.7% 27
Households
Single-person households 29.9% 30.3% 30.8% 25
Population
Born in New York State 56.3% 54.2% 51.0% 20
Race and Ethnicity
Percent Asian 13.6% 16.7% 24.8% 24.1% 12 12
Percent black 1.1% 1.7% 0.8% 1.7% 52 51
Percent Hispanic 10.8% 15.6% 14.0% 16.0% 41 36
Percent white 69.5% 65.1% 56.8% 55.8% 8 12
Disabled population 6.5% 5.8% 43
Income and Poverty
Income diversity ratio 4.5 4.5 5.6 26
Population 119,871 123,447 137,599 118,804
Racial diversity index 0.49 0.52 0.60 0.60 37 26
Households with children under 18 years old 26.3% 27.5% 29.7% 27.5% 46 36
Population aged 65+ 16.2% 15.8% 13.1% 15.0% 8 17
Foreign-born population 36.5% 36.4% 38.2% 37.9% 24 28
Median household income ($2017) $63,268 $67,030 $53,920 $67,873 19 18
Median household income, homeowners ($2017) $91,235 $79,720 $90,539 26
Median household income, renters ($2017) $55,351 $46,189 $55,112 15
Poverty rate 13.9% 13.7% 15.3% 15.0% 40 34
Poverty rate, population aged 65+ 14.6% 15.5% 10.2% 50
Poverty rate, population under 18 years old 18.9% 22.6% 22.2% 29
Labor force participation rate 61.1% 60.7% 65.8% 19

Housing Market and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Housing Stock
Homeownership rate 33.6% 40.0% 36.9% 42.9% 18 16
Rental vacancy rate 3.8% 4.3% 13
Severe crowding rate (% of renter households) 3.3% 6.2% 10
Finance - Lending
Home purchase loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 35.7 20.6 19.8 30
Refinance loan rate (per 1,000 properties) 25.7 19.7 10.6 38
FHA/VA-backed home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 0.0% 6.2% 0.0% 44
Higher-cost home purchase loans (% of home purchase loans) 4.5% 0.4% 2.3% 29
Higher-cost refinance loans (% of refinance loans) 15.5% 2.1% 0.4% 46
Home purchase loans in LMI tracts (% of home purchase loans) 14.0% 10.2% 17.1% 36
Home purchase loans to LMI borrowers (% of home purchase loans) 4.4% 9.5% 10.8% 17
Sales - Volume
Sales volume, all property types 502 546 440 332 397 26 34
Sales volume, 1 family building 199 180 158 118 165 17 17
Sales volume, 2-4 family building 229 253 196 157 173 26 28
Sales volume, 5+ family building 16 26 27 14 23 32 23
Sales volume, condominium 58 87 59 43 36 20 38
Sales - Median Prices
Median sales price per unit, 1 family building ($2017) $474,057 $757,756 $699,787 $910,000 $953,830 13 18
Median sales price per unit, 2-4 family building ($2017) $244,605 $399,463 $369,849 $500,000 $563,961 10 12
Median sales price per unit, 5+ family building ($2017) $83,658 $150,940 $145,789 $215,417 $232,315 19 25
Median sales price per unit, condominium ($2017) $314,609 $557,279 $393,630 $520,000 $616,434 16 21
Sales - Housing Price Index
Index of housing price appreciation, 1 family building 100.0 187.2 190.0 256.3 309.6 1 19
Index of housing price appreciation, 2-4 family building 100.0 191.6 177.7 291.8 345.2 1 13
Index of housing price appreciation, all property types 100.0 187.4 188.3 270.5 315.2 1 22
Index of housing price appreciation, condominium 100.0 188.1 189.3 222.3 219.0 1 45
Index of housing price appreciation, 5+ family building 100.0 143.3 193.1 268.9 450.0 1 35
Serious housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 19.3 22.9 20.7 23.1 40
Total housing code violations (per 1,000 privately owned rental units) 106.0 102.4 98.2 133.9 37
Finance - Distress
Pre-foreclosure notice rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 21.8 46
Pre-foreclosure notices, 1-4 family and condo properties 14,814 24
Notices of foreclosure, all residential properties 33 37 80 60 55 43 38
Notices of foreclosure rate (per 1,000 1-4 family and condo properties) 1.9 2.3 5.2 3.6 3.3 54 47
Notices of foreclosure, initial, 1-4 family and condo properties 19 24 53 27 26 46 34
Notices of foreclosure, repeat, 1-4 family and condo properties 8 10 23 27 23 36 40
Properties entering REO, 1-4 family 1 0 0 5 3 45 23
Housing units 51,436 54,709 52,340 36

Land Use and Development

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Density
Population density (1,000 persons per square mile) 32.1 35.7 30.9 38
Development
Units authorized by new residential building permits 99 97 14 16 2 42 59
Units issued new certificates of occupancy 90 99 23 25 27 30 56

Neighborhood Services and Conditions

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Commute
Car-free commute (% of commuters) 59.4% 64.5% 62.5% 70.2% 37 31
Mean travel time to work (minutes) 41.2 40.9 41.6 44.8 32 18
Services
Residential units within 1/2 mile of a subway station 74.4% 35
Residential units within 1/4 mile of a park 59.8% 47
Crime
Serious crime rate, property (per 1,000 residents) 9.2 5.8 5.0 5.0 48
Serious crime rate, violent (per 1,000 residents) 2.3 1.8 1.8 1.6 53
Serious crime rate (per 1,000 residents) 11.5 7.6 6.8 6.6 52
Schools
Students performing at grade level in math, 4th grade 59.7% 62.6% 11
Students performing at grade level in English language arts, 4th grade 52.8% 60.8% 10

Renters

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Rent Burden
Moderately rent-burdened households 20.8% 23.8% 21.2% 49
Median Rent
Median rent, all ($2017) $1,118 $1,222 $1,311 $1,467 19 21
Severely rent-burdened households 21.2% 25.8% 30.6% 39 30
Median rent, studios and 1-bedrooms ($2017) $1,100 $1,257 16
Median rent, 2- and 3-bedrooms ($2017) $1,412 $1,484 18
Affordability
Rental units affordable at 30% AMI (% of recently available units) 4.9% 4.5% 40
Rental units affordable at 80% AMI (% of recently available units) 66.1% 57.8% 23
Rental units affordable at 120% AMI (% of recently available units) 96.3% 97.6% 18
Moderately rent-burdened households, low income 34.6% 27.6% 41
Moderately rent-burdened households, moderate income 18.5% 14.5% 29
Severely rent-burdened households, low income 42.1% 53.8% 7
Severely rent-burdened households, moderate income 1.0% 0.1% 34
Rental Subsidy
Housing choice vouchers (% of occupied, privately owned rental units) 1.7% 1.6% 45
Median rent, asking $1,413 $2,000 $1,900 35
Public housing (% of rental units) 0.0% 44

Subsidized Housing

Indicator 2000 2006 2010 2016 2017 Rank (2010) Rank (16/17)
Federal Programs
HUD Financing or Insurance (properties) 1 39
HUD Financing or Insurance (units) 86 36
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (properties) 1 44
HUD Project-based Rental Assistance Program (units) 0 47
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (properties) 1 48
Low Income Housing Tax Credit (units) 0 48
Public Housing (properties) 0 42
Public Housing (units) 0 42
Mitchell-Lama
Mitchell-Lama (properties) 3 23
Mitchell-Lama (units) 1,369 20
New York State Property Tax Incentives
421-a Tax Exemption (properties) 63 25
421-a Tax Exemption (units) 720 47
420-c Tax Exemption (properties) 1 42
420-c Tax Exemption (units) 558 26
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements
NYC Housing Production Programs and Zoning Incentives or Requirements (properties) 2 47
Properties Eligible to Expire from Housing Programs
Eligible between 2018 and 2023 (properties) 0 41
Eligible between 2018 and 2023 (units) 0 40
Eligible between 2024 and 2033 (properties) 1 42
Eligible between 2024 and 2033 (units) 86 45
Eligible in 2034 and later (properties) 3 43
Eligible in 2034 and later (units) 811 34
All Subsidized Properties
Total number of subsidized properties (properties) 9 48

Data Notes: See Indicator Definitions, Rankings, and Methods for more information.

Indicators: The rental vacancy rate, severe crowding rate, and the severely rent-burdened households indicators use five-year American Community Survey (ACS) estimates. Data under the 2010 heading comes from the 2006 – 2010 ACS and data under the 2016 heading comes from the 2012– 2016 ACS.

Rankings: We report rankings out of all neighborhoods for which the indicator can be calculated. Rankings are listed for community districts, though some indicators are reported at the sub-borough area level.